Additions 2019

January 19, 2019

Acquisitions to the CeptsForm Library in 2019

Updated 29 September 2019

66 titles.

This listing follows earlier Additions posted in previous years. See the links under MY LIBRARY. I cite titles as a public glimpse at my ongoing interests as well as keeping  a brief record for library management purposes. Acquisitions are the business record of library additions. Accordingly, each following citation carries only enough information to identify each title’s addition to the collection and is not bibliographically complete. However, I want to make clear what each book is about and provide subtitle words or bracketed clarifications when the title is not explicit or may be misleading.

Descriptive data includes limited elements: date of acquisition and source, a distinguishing accession number for each volume, abbreviated author, brief title, edition markers if distinctive, and cost. Accession numbers may appear out of sequence when numbers are inadvertently skipped or deliberately reused for replacement copies, noted by an “r” suffix.

6 January, Sub Text.

#16501 A. Oz, Scenes from village life (de Lange). 13.97

7 January, Ramsey County Library Friends (Maplewood).

Note on sources: Barnes & Noble (place) sells a variety of titles, some at low prices.

Half-Price Books (place) second-hand and remaindered titles at reduced costs with some titles at clearance rates. Lawrence University (Wisconsin) provided copies of Colleges that Change Lives. Pilgrim Lutheran, Saint Paul, Little Library. Books given or withdrawn from the church library are free. My Thrift Store, Saint Paul, has a modest used book section. Ramsey County Library Friends (place) sell select titles donated or withdrawn from collection use, all at the most reasonable prices. Scuppernong Books is a high quality thriving store in Greensboro, NC with used books at discount and food and drink for sale. Sixth Chamber Used Books (Saint Paul) since 1995 has sold quality books at reasonable and clearance prices. Unfortunately this store closed in March. The owners have another store, the Fox Den, in River Falls, WI Sub Text is a selective, high quality bookstore, the only one in downtown Saint Paul. They carry used books as well, many for next to nothing. Katharine Sween, a school band director and flutist, taught music for 30 years. Target (place) sells a small number of books, including some located in the office and stationery section. Thiftbooks, a store linked to the Amazon market place, sells used books at discounted rates. Beverly Voldseth, a Minnesota poet, is a close friend of mine and a generous one. World of Books, a store linked to the Amazon market, also sells used books at discounted rates.

#16464 P.H. Schuck, Why government fails so often. 1.50

10 January, Target (North Saint Paul).

#16475 300 writing prompts. 7.50

17 January, Half-Price Books (Saint Paul).

#16476 R. Garland, Ancient Greece: everyday life … 3.25

#16477 N. Goldstone, Four Queens: … who ruled Europe [Marguerite, France; Eleanor, England; Sanchia, Romans; Beatrice, Sicily]. 2.15

#16478 J. Neusner, Rabbinic literature. 3.25

#16479 C.R. Sunstein, Impeachment. 4.30

17 January, Sixth Chamber Used Books.

#16480 S. Chmielarz, Little eternities: poems. 8.00

#16481 D. Defoe, A tour through the whole island of Great Britain; abridged & edited (P. Rogers). .40

#16482 W.R. Goldshmidt, Exploring the ways of mankind. .40

22 January, Barnes & Noble, Maplewood.

#16483 Strength exercises. 10.70

10 February, Subtext.

# 16484 L. Ferlinghetti, These are my rivers: new and selected poems,1955-1993. 2.15

19 February, Thriftbooks.

#16485 A. Oz, A tale of love and darkness (de Lange). 7.50

21 February, Half-Price Books, Maplewood

#16486 H. Bloom, Genius: … one hundred exemplary creative [writers]. 3.25

#16487 Plato, The last days of Socrates (Tredennick & Tarrant). 5.35

1 March, World of Books.

#16488 Oz, A., The story begins: essays on literature. 7.50

5 March, Sixth Chamber Used Books.

#16489 O. Pamuk, The museum of innocence. 6.15

#16490 F. Prokosch, The Asiatics. 6.15

#16491 C. Tomalin, Samuel Pepys. 6.15

7 March, Half-Price Books, Saint Paul.

#16492 J. Krishnamurti, The impossible question. 2.15

#16493 B. Prothero, Why liberals win (even when they lose elections). 2.15

#16494 M.J. Sandel, Justice: what’s the right thing to do? 2.15

#16495 S. Zweig, Confusion. 7.55

12 March, Barnes & Nobles

#16496 B. Grazer & C. Fishman, A curious mind. 4.80

#16497 J. Le Carre, Tinker, tailor, soldier, spy. 6.40

#16498 B. Maclanahan, The founding fathers’ guide to the Constitutio.4.80

16 March, Lawrence University (Wisconsin)

#16499 L. Pope, Colleges that change lives. gratis

16 March, Katharine Sween

#16500 D.J. Levitin, This is your brain on music. gratis

7 April, Pilgrim Lutheran Little Library.

#16502 D. Chidester, Christianity, a global history. gratis

19 April, Scuppernong Books.

#16503 F. Bacon, The major works (Vickers), 20.23

2007, Beverly Voldseth.

#16504 L. Gavin, Least Resistance: [poetry]. gratis

2013, Beverly Voldseth.

#16505 J.T. McDonnell, A bone in the throat: [poetry]. gratis

4 June, My Thrift Store.

#16506 I.H. Elder, Celt, Druid and Culdee (1973 edition). 2.60

#1746r2 G. Lefebvre, The coming of the French Revolution (Palmer). 2.80

12 June, Pilgrim Church Little Library.

#16507 A. Donagan, The theory of morality. gratis

16 June, Sub Text.

#4401r2 K. Vonnegut, Cat’s cradle. 17.00

17 June, Pilgrim Church Little Library.

#16508 A source book in Chinese philosophy (Chan). gratis

18 July, Half Price Books, Maplewood.

#16509 D. Bodanis, Passionate minds: the great scientific affair. 3.35

#16510 Cicero, Political speeches (Berry). 3.35

#16511 P. Irons, A people’s history of the Supreme Court. 3.40

#16512 W.G. McLaughlin, Cherokee Renascence in the new republic. 3.40

#16513 The Reich victorious: alternate histories (Tsouras). 3.35

9 September, Barnes & Noble, Maplewood.

#16514 The Mueller report (Helderman & Zapotosky). 8.25

Becoming a Writer

April 20, 2018

10 Authorial Rules as I see them.

What follows is my winnowing of Warren Adler’s advice on writing, posted online 3 March 2016.

Perhaps because I fell in love with books when I had yet to read and write, I still had an early and protracted desire to write and ultimately to think of myself as a potential author. I eventually retired early, at sixty, deliberately to have more time for reading and writing though I remained quite involved in other activities – family, church, advocacy, politics, study and related research.

In the process, I realized that I was not interested in writing in order to earn a living or achieve recognition. Rather, my quest was to satisfy myself as to the output and leave some record that would be of lasting connections with family, friends, and other associates. Here is my take on how I align with Adler’s rules.

  1. Analysis: Keep Moving Toward the Future. Though a possibility exists to write fiction from the glimmer of an idea and follow its blossoming, the power of novels depend on forethought. Under the influence of Ayn Rand, I accept that I must consciously identify what I am saying. This principal requires acknowledgement of the parts (theme, plot, setting, characters, and actions) knitted together and achieving the motive of resolution. In my case, because history is long and the future distant, it takes a long time to establish a full script.
  2. Rejection: Keep Believing in Your Possibilities. Nontraditional subjects and approaches that I prefer to follow likely do not have wide appeal and are certainly not automatic. Authorship is a calling, one that needs satisfaction. Ideas make the path and endeavor reaches an end, the denouement that sets up the next beginning. Self-publishing is the first step towards outreach.
  3. Routine: Keep to the Task at Hand While Continuing Informed. Authorship is a constant experiment in seeking and displaying value. With attention, perspective multiplies and broadens.
  4. Continuance: Keep the Possibilities Going. You may persist through 100 pages before dropping the project. A new idea might turn aside your attention.
  5. Change: Keep on Embracing Truth to the Self. Changes will continue along the path of enrichment, even after I have already changed aspects of various dimensions. Actually, I accept that changes are largely incidental in the otherwise progressive flow of beliefs, ideas, concepts and commitments. If I am to have any success, changes must fit as they embed in the overall scheme of story, mechanics, and outcome. In short, within consistency, change for the better.
  6. Opportunity: Keep on Reaching for Pertinence. Risks may come along and taming them into beneficial practicality takes analysis and judgement. Otherwise, be patiently thoughtful, distanced from recklessness.
  7. Entrepreneurship: Keep a Hold on Self-Publishing. Production of the written word is a business, and the business is to reach the target audience, including the self – first and foremost.
  8. Destiny: Keep Control in Your Hands. Requirements will require efforts. Results are worth it.

9-10. Primacy: Keep Aim on Being Original. First place requires invention, novelty,    and lasting benefit. Invention requires going beyond your own closures. A pioneer benefits the future.

Another Day In the Life

December 22, 2017

NOTE: This is a second response to another Lavender interview since May this year. This time I have generally fleshed out what I said before.

Name: Roger David Sween. According to my mother, when I asked, these were the names my father liked. I used to think I was named after Will Rogers or Roy Rogers.

Age: Between birthdays at 77.

Hometown: Eighteen years in Granite Falls, a place I dearly loved and like to return there, meet with past classmates and ramble in the woods. My Sveen great-grandparents settled nearby in 1870.

Where live: After college and early moving around, I settled down in Red Wing for most of 35 years, though commuting a lot and traveling the state 16 years as a library development consultant while working with Minnesota’s 7 inter-type library regions.

With whom: Continuously for 55 years with Patricia Anne (Worringer) Sween.

Occupation: Since quitting employment, I see myself as an independent scholar, freelance thinker, and writer, struggling to say something significant and satisfying.

Wake up: Part of my routine is to keep regular hours, meaning awake at 5 a.m. and to bed by 9 p.m., which often works.

Alarm: The radio comes on with soft, delicate, mostly quiet classical music selections from Minnesota Public Radio.

First thing: My routine at its utmost regularity – drink water, dress for the temperature, wash leftover dishes, make coffee and take it with a little treat – sweet breads and oatmeal cookies are my favorites.

Breakfast: Rotates mostly between cereals, eggs, waffles/pancakes and nearly always with mixed fruit.

Coffee: One 14 oz. cup of French Roast in my new cuisinart pot, a great improvement on the prior model used for the previous seven years.

Addition(s): Enough Half n’ Half to cover the bottom of the cup. I avoid spooning sugar. Most days, I have the morning cup only. A far cry from our four years at St. Olaf where we drank greater amounts of what we called “Norwegian plasma.”

Your commute: Between the upstairs living level and my study and library downstairs. The arrangement was one of the many features that led us to prefer this house when we moved in 7 years ago. We know our neighbors since we moved into a six-member association of detached townhouses.

If your days resemble a yearbook, how would you be recognized: As an academic and being called “professor.”

What inspires you: Ideas keeps me thinking, politics (which for me constitute the dismal science) keep my attention, and commanding literature from The Wind in the Willows to The Dispossessed keep me probing.

Break for lunch: I’ve become irregular and sometimes forget to eat, evidenced by now weighing less than in high school.

My work space tidy or not. Tidy is my wish and intent, but I find it hard to put most papers where they belong, and they then pile of their own accord. I quickly wear out from sorting and filing. The grand exception is my book collection, cataloged, classified, and in close to 800 linear feet of loaded shelving. I can retrieve a subject or book in about 20 seconds.

Favorite past job: Teaching in a library class where there was a lot of discussion. My favorites were the basics of library services and primarily reference (pre-online). I always felt I learned more than the students. I am in my third year as President.

Your heroes: Still Aristotle and Le Guin.

Favorite weeknight meal: I like anything that is healthy and not complicated.

Most embarrassing moment: In the 4th grade, I inattentively gave a card intended for a mother to my teacher.

Usual weeknight activity: Inevitably watching the PBS news hour and some program, dramatic presentation, or quality movie by disk, television, or online. As a rule, I do not watch commercial television.

Bedtime: Hopefully 9. I get to sleep fast and often sleep through the night. In the cold months, I use an electric blanket on a timer to warm up the bed – a wonderful feeling.

Favorite weekend activity: Time with family members, since the immediate ones are local.

Words of wisdom: Strive to accomplish the best and seek the will to persevere.

Copyright © 2017 by Roger Sween.

Based on the Jaysen Saly interview by Andy Lien, Lavender #588 (Dec. 2017) 12.

My Favorites

March 15, 2017

Determining What I Favor

Revised 3 July 2017

In the 2016 holiday season’s exchange of letters, one family covered the year’s passing by every family member listing their favorites in a series of categories. This is clever and interesting, I thought, as I began to read the choices made by two parents and their three children. Novel and fresh this approach may be; however, at once none of it made sense to me. Possibly due to the divide of generations and their interests, their choices were outside my range of knowledge and attention.

Why was that? What would I say when taking the same approach?

Time to explore where I am.

SONG: First off, music plays a very large part in my life. Though I cannot perform in any medium except when I sing in a group, at church being the best example. I know dozens, if not more than a hundred hymns by heart. I sing best when endeavoring to blend with the true tones around me. Still, my major role remains being the audience, an attentive listener. I never missed a vocal or instrumental performance when in high school, listened to popular music on WDGY when young, and fell in with the music crowd when at St. Olaf. Though I am fond of a wide range of music, I prefer the classical repertoire that began with attention to WCAL (the St. Olaf radio station) when young. I spent part of my newspaper route earnings on a classical subscription club that supplied 331/3 rpm recordings.

When in my 50s, someone asked me to name my favorite song. I was taken aback: I had to think for about a minute because, for the first time, I realized I had no favorite. First off, what did the questioner mean by “song?” Something with words that is sung, I supposed. Songs, part of the music in my life, could hardly be ranked: either I liked them or did not. Because I enjoy a wide array of composers – J.S. Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Schubert, Tchaikovsky, and others at the top careening with one another – how could I distinguish a favorite? What function would a favorite have? The idea of a favorite seemed exclusionary to me.

Perhaps if the question asked, “What piece of music captured you this past year?” I could answer: “Bach’s Resurexit from the B Minor Mass,” or “Gounod’s Missa Solemnelle,” or “Strauss’ Death and Transfiguration,” or “Orff’s Carmina Burana” – musics happening to me in the past that I cannot get over. These are just a few examples among more than many.

Likely my inability to fill in the song slot is that in general, I have separated myself from popular music since the days when MTV went sour. Get the Knack (1979) is the last lp I listened to repeatedly. I fail to find any attraction in Minnesotans Bob Dylan (boring and unmusical) or Prince (better left to the young).

MOVIE: The first film I saw that made a huge impression on me was The Search (1948). Then there was Quo Vadis (1951), followed by Member of the Wedding (1952), The 5,000 Fingers of Doctor T (1953), and Desk Set (1957). I definitely have my favorites among films and can even more easily rank them based on how well they fulfill my expectations for captivating interest, positive value, execution, and most importantly flow, by which I mean the pace and necessity of each scene in sequence. The movies that I favor the most are those that have impact on me and that I never tire of watching repeatedly.

For movies, it is easier to link them to a year than is the case for songs or music.

In 2015, the films I liked the best were Bridge of Spies and Woman in Gold. Though both films have great merit, Bridge is better done because of the strength of the central characters – the spy and his attorney – and because of the strong drama of the importance of the unpopular spy case and its coincident relationship to the exchange of political prisoners.

In 2016, the films I liked most have been Sully and Arrival. Bridge and Sully link due to the major role of Tom Hanks in both, a wide ranging and excellent actor. Bridge attracts me because it is mostly a story carried out by committed characters and their carefully considered words though the historical background is argumentative, if not contentious. Arrival won my admiration because it features a character of few words whose role is one of memory and breakthrough thinking in the midst of what is popularly considered an alien invasion. In actuality, it is the fourteen receiving countries who in the undertow of the story become alienated from one another, quite a lesson to learn in a hostile election year. Arrival caught me so strongly, I had to buy a copy of Ted Chiang’s collection of short stories that includes “The Story of Your Life,” source of the screenplay. His story differs from the film in being internal and full of theory.

TV SHOW: Sorry, but I am very limited here. Basically, I quit watching most commercial television when CBS news went from an hour to 30 minutes or fewer. For some years, I still watched 60 Minutes, but I don’t do that anymore either. The last long serial, I watched was Mary Hartman/Mary Hartmann (1976-1977) which had its bizarre attractions. But when it ended, I decided that was enough addictive watching. Over the years since, several series have come and gone without me witnessing a single episode. Another separation from television watching is that when Pat had cancer more than a decade ago, we started watching Netflix by disc. We continue to do so with something like 1400 movies watched. This habit became our chief way of catching up with new releases plus watching older and foreign offerings.

I confess: we are addicted to Game of Thrones. That is to say, we have become followers of the dwindling Stark family, who have shrunk in number but increased in strength. I never cared much for George R. R. Martin or his writing which in the 1970s had too much razzle-dazzle for me. I was already gone on Le Guin at that time anyway. Otherwise we turn to Turner Classic Movies for what we think we’d like or watch public television being fond of Morse, Lewis, Vera, Masterpiece Theater, Masterpiece Classic, and most especially and necessarily the news hour. Alongside, we spend a lot of hours listening to Minnesota Public Radio’s news and broadcasts of classics.

BOOK: Anyone who knows me knows that I am addicted to books and reading. Besides that, my strongest desire is to author a book that entirely satisfies me. I find myself indebted to books for my present and continued state of learning which concomitantly includes understanding oneself to the extent I have so far achieved. Certainly, books have surrounded me since birth thanks to the parents being readers and reading to me. I have been associated with books as their fan, as a professional librarian, and as an aspiring learner and writer.

I appreciate books for what they convey through the artistic and/or formative worth of expressed words. With so many thousands of new books each year, I favor the ones that cover in one way or another the varied fields of knowledge, especially those of philosophical, theoretical, or values-oriented approaches. Such books are worth long-time use and worth reading more than once. Unfortunately, I manage to reread few of them among the 6,000 plus that I have.

Of books read in 2015, the one that means the most to me is Penelope Lively’s Dancing Fish and Ammonites: a memoir (2013). Though a slow starter, I appreciated in a most welcoming fashion Lively’s reflections on aging and the effective values of words, literature, and books.

In 2016, Ursula K. Le Guin’s The Complete Orsinia (2016) includes all her works related to the imagined middle-European country of Orsinia. The bulk of this Library of America (series #281) consists of two sizeable works, Orsinian Tales (1976) and Malafrena (1979) besides a few other additions. With Le Guin, my favorite imaginative author, reading her is not so much the deep stories told as much as it is her ingenuity of writing in ways that catch the emotions, ideas, and appreciation of artistry as very few authors have achieved. She has become my consistent favorite.

In writing to my friend of almost 45 years – Cy Chauvin –  I raved to him concerning the strong influence that Le Guin has on me. In our end of the year exchange of books, he sent to me Le Guin’s Words Are My Matter (2016). In her collection of “writings about life and books,” covering publications of essays, articles, and book reviews from 2000 into 2016, she explores the territory of language and the conveyance of telling and relating to story. At nearly 90 years, she is wonderfully alive and wise in her writing. She says on the book jacket, “Hard times are coming … We’ll need writers who can remember freedom.”

GAME: I don’t play games unless you count making up genealogies as a game.

THINGS DONE: Since relocating in Maplewood in early 2011 after 35 years in Red Wing, we have been heavily involved in our usual roster of causes and preferences. These include chauffeuring our younger grandchildren around and attending their performances in theater, music and dance. We also support the programs of Pilgrim Lutheran Church which currently involve serving on the Leadership Team for supporting a refugee family in 2017. Otherwise, I continue being the administrator for Classics for Pilgrim, the monthly discussion of mostly novels, published between 1800 and 50 years past. We are now in our sixth season.

I have regular routines. I do a fair amount of writing or the background work to writing – the necessary work towards novel construction and completion. In our eleventh year, Beverly Voldseth and I meet monthly to read aloud the poems in Poetry and talk about them. I bicycle when the weather favors me. I have longish telephone conversations with Robert Hanson, my friend from third grade onwards, and we meet about 2-3 times a year, especially when he has some poetry or other writing needing editing.

Mary Treacy and I email frequently, and get together for coffee when we can or really need to talk. I correspond with a few other people, but especially with my siblings in a round robin email letter. That’s about once a month.

One measure of this year is the net gain of 165 titles in my library. Also I added about 8,000 individuals in 3,000 marriages to my background genealogies furnishing The Company of Seidor and other related novels.

Another achievement of importance was the trip of a lifetime, May in Norway and the Baltic ports, which I report in a separate article.

BL-BQ Classification

May 8, 2014

Religion, Mythology, World Religions – 504 Titles

BL1-BL263/Religion in General & Aspects of Religion       BL300-BL477/Myth in General and Aspects of Mythology     BL530-BL628/The Spiritual Experience      BL722-B2441/Mythology in General & Mythologies; Literatures of Asia      BL2525-BL2780/Topics in Religious Life         BM/Judaism     BP/Islam      BQ/Buddhism, Zen

Contains 252 titles.

Updated 19 January 2019

BL31.H37 1995 Ref   The Harper Collins dictionary of religion. General Editor, Jonathan Z Smith … with the American Academy of Religion. HarperCollinsPublishers: HarperSanFrancisco c1995. xxx, 1154p. photos, chronologies. Feature Articles p.vii. Editorial Board p.ix. Contributors p.xi-svii. Acknowledgements p.xxiii-xxiv. Abbreviations p.xxv. Listo of Illustrations p.xxviii. Photograph Credits p.1153-1154.  #11855 24.00

BL31.O93 1997 Ref   The Oxford dictionary of world religions. Edited by John Bowker. Oxford University Press c1997. xxiv, 1111p. Contains bibliographical references. Editors p.ix. Contributors p.x-xii. Topic Index p.1075-1102. Index of Chinese Headwords p.1103-1111.  #5749

BL31.R43   Twentieth century theology in the making. Edited by Jaroslav Pelikan. Translated by R. A. Wilson. Fontana Books/Harper & Row: Collins, 1970 c1969-1970; selections from Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart; 2nd ed., 1927-1932. 3v. (414,          p.) (The Fontana Library: Theology and Philosophy). Acknowledgements. Contains Bible (RSV) and bibliographical references. v.1, Themes of Biblical Theology. v.2, The theological dialogue: issues and resources. v.3, Ecumenicity and renewal.  #10085 2.40  Have: v.1.

BL41.P36 2006   Pals, Daniel L        Eight theories of religion; 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, c2006. xii, 340p. Bibliographies at ends of chapters. Index. #16322 6.75

BL41.V113 1967   Vries, Jan de, 1890-1964. The study of religion: a historical approach. Translated with an introduction by Kees W. Belle. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., c1967; 1st published as Godsdientgeschiedens In Vogelvlucht, c1961. xviv, 231p. Acknowledgements p.iv. Notes p.223-228. Index.  #10456 .75

BL42.5.U5P76 2008   Prothero, Stephen. Religious literacy: what every American needs to know – and doesn’t. Harper Collins Publishers: Harper One, 2008 c2007. viii, 372p. Religious Literature Quiz p.293-298. Further Reading p.299-301. Acknowledgements p. 303-305. Notes p.307-352. Index. #16169 1.70

BL48.C5 1985   Chesterton, G(ilbert) K(eith) 1874-1936. The everlasting man. Burns & Oates1985 c1974; 1st published 1925. 274p. #16389 4.30

BL48.E413 1959   Eliade, Mircea, 1907-1986. The sacred and the profane: the nature of religion. Translated from the French by Willard R. Trask. Harcourt brace Jovanovich: A Harvest/HBJ Book, c1958. 256p. Contains bibliographical footnotes. Chronological Survey p.215-232. Selected Bibliography p.234-243. Index.  #1461 1.11

BL48.H8 1957   Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975. Religion without revelation. New American Library: A Mentor Book, 1958 c1957. 222p. Bibliography p.213-215. Index. (1958) .50

BL48.K38 1961   Kaufmann, Walter, 1921-1980. Critique of religion and philosophy. Doubleday & Company, Inc: Anchor Books, 1961 c1958. xxii, 453p. Bibliography p.42-446. Index.  #12269 .85

BL48.N68 1971   Novak, Michael, 1933-      Ascent of the mountain, flight of the dove: an invitation to religious studies. Harper & Row, Publishers, c1971. xvi, 240p. Notes p.210-237. Index of Names.  #14218 .65

BL48.O82 1981   Otto, Rudolf, 1869-1937.  The idea of the holy: an inquiry into the no-rational factor in the idea of the divine and its relation to the rational.  2nd ed.  Translated by John W. Harvey.  Oxford University Press, 1981 c1950; 1st  published 1923.  xxi, 232p.  Bibliographical footnotes.    Translated from Das helige, 9th German ediition.  Index.  #11681  1.05

BL48.S33 1958   Schleirmacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst, 1768-1834. On religion: speeches to its cultured despisers. Introduction by Rudolf Otto. Translated by John Oman. Harper & Row Publishers: Harper Torchbooks/The Cloister Library, c1958; from the 3rd ed., 1831; 1st published 1799 as Ueber die Religion: Redenan die Gibeldeten unter ihren Verächter. xxiv, 287p. The First Edition, by Oman p.275-284. Index.

BL48.T34 1961   Tagore, Rabindranath, Sir, 1861-1941. The religion of man: being [an expansion of] the Hibbert Lectures for 1930. Beacon Press, 1961, c1931. 239p. (Hibbert Lectures). Index. Appendices: I, The Baul Singers of Begal p.209-221. II. Note on the Nature of Reality (a conversation with Albert Einstein) p.222-225. III, Dadu and the Mystery of Form p.226-230. IV, An Address in the Chapel of Manchester College, Oxford p.231-237.  reclassified

BL48.T44 1956   This is my faith: the convictions of representative Americans today.  Edited by Stewart G. Cole.  Harper & Brothers, 1956.  viii, 291p.  #9063  .60 BL48.W475 1984   Wiebe, Paul, 1938-       The architecture of religion: a theoretical essay. Foreword by Walter H. Capps. Trinity University Press, c1984. xvi, 153p. Notes p.139-149. (Trinity University Monograph Series in Religion, v.8). Index.  #14998 1.10

BL48.Y59 1992   Young, Dudley.  Origins of the sacred: the ecstasies of love and war.  Harper Perennial, 1992 c1991.  493p.  Bibliography p.463-468.  Index.  #5228  3.20

BL50.M35 1972   Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978.  Twentieth century faith: hope and survival.  Harper & Row, c1972.  xix, 172p.  (Religious Perspectives, v.25).  Religious Perspectives: Its Meaning and Purpose, by Ruth Nanda Ansum p.xi-xviii.  Acknowledgements p.171-172.  #12188  1.05

BL50.T69 1956   Toynbee, Arnold, 1889-1975. An historian’s approach to religion. Oxford University Press, c1956. x, 318p. (Gifford Lectures, 1952 & 1953). Contains bibliographical footnotes. Index. #15796 .25

BL51.B843 1957  Buber, Martin.   Eclipse of God; studies in the relation between religion and philosophy.  Harper: Torchbooks, 1957 c1952.  152p., notes, index.  #47  1.15

BL51.F318 1993   Faith in theory and practice: essays on justifying religious belief.  Edited by Elizabeth S. Radcliffe and Carol J. White.  Open Court, 1993.  235p.  Footnotes at ends of chapters.  Index.  #5592  6.45

BL51.H4695 1993   Herder, Johann Gottfried, 1744-1803.  Against pure reason: writings on religion, language and history.  Translated, edited, and with an introduction by Marcia Burge.  Fortress Press, c1993.  xx, 264p.  Select Bibliography p.xii-xx.  #10822  18.50

BL51.H488 1993   Hick, John (Harwood) 1922-2012. Disputed questions in the theology and the philosophy of religion. Yale University Press, c1973. x, 198p. Bibliographical notes at the ends of chapters. Index. #16118 2.15

BL51.H98 2009  Huxley, Aldous.  Perennial philosophy.  Harper & Row: Perennial Modern Classics, 2009 c1945.  xii, 312, 28p. A List of Recommended Books p. 303-306. Index p.307-312. About the Author p.2-5. About the Book p.6-22. The Complete Aldous Huxley Bibliography p.23-24. #1109r  20.25

BL51.P316 1962   Patton, H.J.  The modern predicament: a study in the philosophy of religion.  Collier Books, 1962 c1955.  414p.  Index.  #8025  .50

BL51.K54 1974   Kierkegaard, Soren Aabye, 1813-1855. Philosophical fragments; or, A fragment of philosophy by Johannes Climacus. Originally translated and introduced by David F. Swenson. New introduction and commentary by Niels Thulstrap. Translation revised and commentary translated by Howard V. Hong. Princeton University Press, 1967, c1936, 1962. xcviii, 260p. Commentary p.141-260p. #9676 6.95

BL51.R326 2003   Reason and religious belief: an introduction to the philosophy of religion. Michaedl Peterson et. al. 3rd ed. Oxford University Press, c2003. x, 326p. Questions notes and suggested readings at the ends of chapters. Indexes.  #15030 2.20

BL51.S66 1964   Smith, Wilfrid Cantwell.  The meaning and end of religion: a new approach to the religious traditions of mankind.  New American Library: Mentor, 1964 c1963.  352p.  Notes p.182-344.  Index.  #1718  .75

BL51.T683  1957   Trueblood, David Elton, 1900-         Philosophy of religion.  Harper & Brothers, c1957.  xv, 324p.  Bibliographical footnotes.  Appendix p.307-318.  Bibliographical notes p.315-318.  Index.  #11811  5.00

BL51.W27 2004   Ward, Keith, 1938-      The case for religion. One World, c2004. viii, 246p. Notes p.238-241. Index.  #14495 3.20 BL51.W3713 1970   Watts, Alan W.  Nature, man, and woman.  Random House: Vintage Books, 1970 c1958.  209p.  Bibliographical References p.207-209.  #1273  1.07

BL51.W379 1962   Wells, Donald A.  God, man, and the thinker: philosophies of religion.  Random House,  c1962.  xv, 507p.  Summary Questions p.445-462.  Bibliography p.483-493.  Index.  #13200  .80

BL51.W46 1944   Werfel, Franz, 1890-1945. Between heaven and earth. Translated by Max Newmark.Philosophical Library, c1944; 1st published as Swischen oben uncunter. xii, 13-252p. I, Of Man’s True Happiness. II, Realism and Inwardness. III, Can We Life without Faith in God? IV, Theologoumena [6 sections]. #5796 reclassified .25

BL53.D6 1970   Dodds, Eric Robertson, 1893-    Pagan and Christian in an age of anxiety: some aspects of religious experience from Marcus Aurelius to Constantine.  W. W. Norton & Company, 1970 c1965.  xiii, 144p., bibliographical footnotes.  Index.  #12329  3.00

BL53.J56 1959   Johnson, Paul Emanuel.  Psychology of religion.  Rev. & enl.  Abingdon Press, 1959.  304p.  bibliography p.293-297.  Index.  #8026  1.00

BL53.L27 1990   Lash, Nicholas.  Easter in ordinary: reflections on human experience and the knowledge of God.  University of Notre Dame Press, 1990 c1998.  xi, 313p.  (The Richard Lectures for 1986, University of Virginia).  Bibliography p.299-308.  Index.  #12185  1.05

BL53.P47 1970   Personality and religion: the role of religion in personality development. Foreword by Martin E. Marty, General Editor. Harper & Row, Publishers, c1970. x, 245p. (Harper Forum Books). Acknowledgements p. x. Notes ate ends of articles. #13848 4.55

BL53.P8 1943   Pratt, James Bissett, 1875-1944.  The religious consciousness: a psychologicl study.  The Macmillan Company, 1943 c1920.  ix, 488p.  Bibliographical footnotes.  Index.  #10746  1.10

BL53.R444 1970   The relgious personality.  Edited by Donald Capps & Walter H. Corps.  Wordsworth Publishing Co., c1970.  x, 381p.  Suggestions for Further Reading at ends of selections.  Author Index.  #11475  .25

BL53.S575 2004   Sloan, D.Jason. Theological incorrectness: why relligious people believe what they shouldn’t. Oxford University Press, c2004. xii, 156p. Bibliography p.127-151. Index.  #14350 6.30

BL55.D31929   Dawson, Christopher, 1889-1970. Progress & religion. Sherwood Sugden & Company Publishers. First published c1929. Contains bibliographical footnotes. Bibliography p.251-254. #16128 gift

BL60.S614 1989   Social consequences of religious belief. Edited by William Reace Garrett. Paragon House: A New Era Book, c1989. x, 242p. (God, the contemporary discussion series). Notes at ends of articles. Contributors p.227. Index.  #9863 1.05

BL60.T87 1991   Turner, Bryan S.  Religion and social theory.  2d ed.  SAGE Publications, 1991.  264p.  Bibliography p.247-260.  Index.  #5719  1.10

BL65.H78T72 1991   Traer, Robert.  Faith in human rights: support in religious traditions for a global struggle.  Georgetown University Press, c19991.  xii, 239p.  Notes at ends of chapters.  Index.  #12402  free

BL65.I55A53 2007   Albright, Madeleine Korbel. The mighty and the almighty: reflections on America, God and world affairs. With Bill Woodward. Harper Perennial, 2007 c2006. xii, 351p. Notes p.303-319. Acknowledgements p.320-326. Index.

BL65.P4P3613 1995   Panikkar, Raimundo, 1918-     Cultural disarmament: the way to peace.  Translated by Robert R. Barr.  Westminster John Knox Press, c1995; 1st published as Paz y Desarme Cultural, 1993.  ix, 142p.  Bibliography p.129-140.  Index of Authors.  #12378  3.20

BL71.C6613 1992 Ref   Comte, Fernand.  Sacred writings of world religions.  Chambers, 1992; 1st published as Les livres sacré, 1990.  249p., illus.  Index  (Chambers compact reference series).  #1372  5.34

BL72.F73 1968   Fremantle, Anne Jackson, 1909-      Pilgrimage to people.  David McKay, 1968.  231p.  #5829  .50

BL80.B625 1962   Bouquet, A(lan) C(oates), 1884-1976.  Comparative religion; 6th ed. Penguin Books, c1962; 1st published 1941. 320p. A List of Books for Further Study p.307-314. Index.  #10086 3.65

BL80.R65 1956  Ross, Floyd H.   The great relgions by which men live.  (Questions that matter most…).  With Tynette Hills.  Fawcett: Premier, 1956.  192p., index.  #48  .35

BL80.S66 1965   Smith, Huston.  Religions of man.  Harper & Row: Perennial Library, 1965 c1958.  371p.  Notes p.356-366.  Index.  #5149  1.10

BL80.2.C6 1971 Ref   The concise encyclopedia of living faiths.  2nd ed.  Hutchinson of London, c1971; 1st pbulished 1959.  xxii, 436p, maps.  For Further Reading p.415-422p.  Acknowledgements p.423-426.  Index.  #13589  .55

BL80.2N374 1978  Great religions of the world.  A volume in the story of Man Library.  Prepared by National  Geographic.  By Robert McAfee Brown and others.  National Geogrpahic, 1978.  419p., illus., maps, index, Milestones p.414-5, bibl.  #428  10.00

BL80.2.R3 1965   Religions and the promise of the twentieth century: Readings in the history of mankind.  Edited for the International Commission … by Guy S. Métraux and François Crouzet.  New American Library: Mentor, 1965.  277p.  #1768  1.07

BL80.2.S33 1969   Schneider, Del Byron.  No God, but God: a look at Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam.  Augsburg Publishing House, c1969.  vii, 136p.  Contains bibliographic footnotes.  Glossary p.127-132.  Index.  #13562  1.05

BL85.F67 1999   Ford, David.  Theology: a very short introduction.  Oxford University Press, c1999.  199p., black & whilte illus., photos, facsimilies, diagrams.  Further Reading p.188-193.  Index.  #11260  4.25

BL85.L363 1965   Lanternari, Vittorio.  The religions of the oppressed: a study of modern messianic cults.  Translated from the Italian by Lisa Sergio.  New American Library: A Mentor Book, 1965 c1963.  xvi, 19-286p.  Bibliography p.255-268 & Abbreviations p.269-271.  Index.  #12118  .25

BL85.M22 1969   Maeterlinck, Maurice, 1862-1949.  The great secret.  New foreword by Leslie Shepard.  Carol Publishing Group: A Citadel Press Book, c1969.  xv, 268p.  #11111  1.80

BL85.M32 2005   Marty, Martin E. 1928-     When faiths collide.  Blackwell Publishing, c2005.  x, 193p.  Notes p.179-185.  (Blackwell Manifestoes).  Index.  #12904  18.00

BL85.N54 2008   Niebuhr, Gustav. Beyond tolerance: searching for interfaith understanding in America. Viking, c2008. xxxviii, 218p. Acknowledgements p.197. Notes p.198-207. Bibliography p.208-212. Index.  #14258 5.50

BL96.A53 2007   Ancient religions. Sarah Iles Johnson. The Belknap Press of Harvard University, c2007. xvii, 266p. Bibliographies at ends of articles. Note on Translation and Transliteration p.xiii. Abbreviations p.xv. Maps p.xvi-xvii. Contributions p.253. Index. #16097 3.75

BL96.F78 1959   Frankfort, Henri, 1897-1954,  Before philosophy: the intellectual adventure of ancient manAn essay on speculative thought in the Ancient Near East.  With H. A. Groenewegen Frankfort, John A. Wilson, and Thorkild Jacobsen.  Penguin Books, 1959 c1946.  275p.  Notes and Suggested Readings at ends of chapters.  Index.  #13128  2.00

BL98.N48 1976   The new religious consciousness.  Edited by Charles Y. Glock and Robert N. Bellah.  University of California Press, 1976.  391p.  Bibliographical footnotes.  Index.  #5831  .25

BL180.R43M6 1993   Montaigne, Michel de, 1533-1592.  An apology for Raymond Sebond.  Translate and edited with an introduction and notes by M.A. Screech.  Penguin Books, 1993 c1987.  xliv, 190p.  Further Reading p.xxxviii-xxxix.  #10825  11.75

BL221.K57 2004   Kirsch, Jonathan.  God against the gods: the history of the war between monotheism and polytheism.  Viking Compass, c2004.  xvi, 336p., map.  Bibliography p.315-321.  Index.  #12887  5.00

BL238.L38 1989   Lawrence, Bruce B.  Defenders of God: the fundamentalist revolt against the modern age.  Harper & Row, 1989.  306p.  Selected Bibliography p.277-291.  Index.  #5598  1.00

BL238.S32 2008   Schimmel, Solomon, 1942-        The tenacity of unreasonable beliefs: fundamentalism and the fear of truth. Oxford University Press, 2008. x.282p. Acknowledgements p.v-vii. Notesp.229-262. Bibliography p.263-273. Index. #16187 6.55

BL240.2.B368   Barbour, Ian. Religion in an age of science: The Gifford Lectures, 1989-1990. HarperSanFrancisco, c1990. xvi, 299p. (The Gifford Lectures, v.1). Notes p.271-290. Index of Names. v.1, #14115b .45

BL240.2.D29 1992   Davies, Paul C.W.  Mind of God: the scientific basis for a rational world.  Simon & Schuster: Touchstone, 1993 c1992.  254p.  Selected Bibliography p.239-241.  Index.  #5015

BL240.2.S635 2000   Smith, Huston.  Why religion matters: the fate of the human spirit in an age of disbelief.  HarperSanFrancisco, c2001.  xiv, 290p.  Index.  #11301  7.80

BL240.3.G75 2004   Griffin, David Ray, 1939-        Two great truths: a new synthesis of scientific naturalism and Christian faith. Westminster John Knox Press, c2004. xxii, 130p. Footnotes contain bibliographic references. Notes at the ends of chapters. References p.116-123. Index. #16132 gift

BL240.3.W585 2005   The measure of God: our century-long struggle to reconcile science and religion. HarperCollinsPublishers: HarperSanFrancisco, c2005. x, 358p. Acknowledgements p.vii-ix. Appendix: The Gifford Lectures, 1888-2005, p.305-317. Notes p.319-341. Index. On cover: The Story of the Gifford Lectures.   #13875 2.15

BL245.K63 1989   Koestler, Arthur, 1905-1983.  The sleepwalkers: a history of man’s changing vision of the universe.  With an introduction by Herbert Butterfield.  Arkana, 1989 c1959.  623p.  Selected Bibliography p.555-557.  Index.  #7225  5.35

BL245.W66 1999   Wilson, A. N.   God’s funeral: a biography of faith and doubt in western civilization.  Ballantine Books, c1999.  xiv, 402p., black & white illus.  Bibliography p. 371-384.  Index.  #11708  5.35

BL262.I57 2006   Intelligent thought: science versus the intelligent design movement.  Edited by John Brockman.  Random House, Inc.: Vintage Books, c2006.  xiv, 356p.  Contains bibliographical references.  Contributors identified at ends of articles.  Appendix: Excerpt from the Memorandum Opinion of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania, December 20, 2005, p.233-256.  #13403  4.50

BL263.A93 2006   Ayala, Francisco José, 1930-          Darwin and intelligent design.  Fortress Press, c2006.  xii, 116p.  (Facets Series).  Acknowledgements p.105-06.  Notes p.107-113.  Additional Resources p.114-116.  #13581  6.50

BL263.C4 1969   Changing man: the threat and the promise. Five scientists and five theologians on Christian faith and evolution of thought.  Doubleday: Anchor Books, 1969 c1960.  Edited by Kyle Haselden and Philip Hefner.  184p.  Bibliography p.169-173.  Index.  #5582  1.00

BL263.G34 1966   Gatewood, Willard B.  Preachers, pedagogues & politicians: the evolutionary controversy in North Carolina, 1920-1927.  The University of North Carolina Press, c1966.  x, 268p.  Bibliographical footnotes.  Appendices: A. Contempoary Poems p.235-241.  B. Platform, Constittuoons and Bylaws of the North Carolina Bible League p.238-241.  C. The Poole Bill and Our Legislators p.242.  D. Evolution, University and the People p.243-248.  E. Evolution – A Religious Question p.249-250.  Bibliography p.251-259.  Index.  #12963  1.00

BL300.E42 1975  Eliade, Mircea, 1907-        .  Myths, dreams and mysteries: the encounter between contemporary faiths and archaic realities.  Tr. by Philip Mairet.  Harper Torchbooks, 1975 c1960; 1st published 1957.  254p., bibl. footnotes, index.  #871.  9.53

BL303.C4 1991  Chetwynd, Tom.  Age of myth: the Bronze Age as the cradle of the unconscious.   HarperCollins: Mandala, 1991.  236p., diagrs., bibl. p.215-229, index to the Bible p.229-236.  #872  12.67

BL303.K37 1990 Ref   Kaster, Joseph.  Putnam’s concise mythological dictionary.  Based upon Gods by Bessie Redfield.  Putnam: Perigree, 1990 reprint of 1980; 1st published 1963.  182p., illus.  Further Reference p.181-182.  #5234  gift

BL303.K5 1959 Ref   Kirkwood, G. M.   A short guide to classical mythology.  Holt, 1959.  109p.  #49.  1.00

BL303.S9 1993 Ref   Sykes, Egerton. Who’s who in non-classical mythology. Rev. by Alan Kendall. Oxford University Press c1993′ 1st published c1952. xii, 235p. Bibliography p.225-235.  #9388 2.15

BL303.6.C35A3 1991  Campbell, Joseph, 1904-1987.  Hero’s journey: the world of Joseph Campbell… on his life and work.   Ed. w/an introd. by Phil Cousineau. HarperCollins Harper S F, 1991 c1990. 253p., il., photos, Books by p.233-43, bibl. p.235-8, index.  #930  4.24

BL304.E413 1963   Eliade, Mircea, 1907-1986.  Aspects du mythe.  Gallimard, c1963.  251p.  Bibliographical footnotes.  Eléments de bibliographie p.249-251.  #12759  .25

BL304.E413 1975   Eliade, Mircea, 1907-1986. Myth and reality. Translated from the French by Willard R. Trask. Harper & Row, Publishers: Harper Torchbooks, 1975 c1963. [vi], 212p. (World Perspectives, v.31). Contains bibliographical footnotes. Myths and Fairy Tales, 1st published 1956, p.195-202. Basic Bibliography p.203-204. World Perspectives p.207-212.  #9552 4.00

BL310.B8 2006   Bulfinch, Thomas, 1796-1867.  Bulfinch’s mythology.  With an introduction and notes by Charles Martin.  Barnes & Noble Classics, 2006. xxxii, 889p.  Index and dictionary.  #5025r  15.00

BL310.F72 1964   Frazer, James George, Sir, 1854-1941.  The new Golden bough: a new abridgement of the classic work.  Edited, and with notes and foreword, by Theodore H. Gaster.  New American Library: Mentor, 1964 c1959.  832p.  Notes at ends of sections.  Index.  #7202  7.37

BL310.H3 1953  Hamilton, Edith.   Mythology.  New American Library: Mentor, 1953 c1942.  335p., illus., geneal. charts, index.  #52  .50B

BL310.L4   Lang, Andrew, 1844-1912. Myth, ritual and religion. Random House UK/Senate, 1996; ist published 1906 & 1913. 2v. (         ; viii,380p.) Have v.2.  #10027 2.90

BL311.B54 1994   Bierlein, J. F. Parallel myths. The Ballantine Publishing Group: Ballantine Wellspring, c1994. xiv, 252p. Acknowledgements p.xi. Notes p.327-332. Bibliography p.333-337. Index.  #9627 16.00

BL311.C27 v.1 1987  Campbell, Joseph.   The masks of God: Primitive mythology.  Penguin Books, 1987 c1969.  504p., Reference Notes p.473-488, index.  #442.  10.60

BL311 .C27 v.2 1987  Campbell, Joseph.   The masks of God: Oriental mythology.  Penguin Books, 1987 c1962.  561p., Reference Notes p.519. 539, index.  #431  8.43

BL311.C27 v.3 1987  Campbell, Joseph.   The masks of God: Occidental mythology.  Penguin Books, 1987 c1964.  564p., Reference Notes, 527. 535, index.  #432  (gift)

BL311.C27 v.4 1987  Campbell, Joseph.   The masks of God: creative mythology.  Penguin Books, 1987 c1968.  730p., Reference Notes p.681. 710, index.  #433  (gift)

BL311.K55 1973   Kirk, G(eoffrey) S(tephen) 1931-2003. Myth: its meaning & functions in ancient and other cultures. Cambridge University Press/University of California Press, 1973 c1970. xii, 299p. (Sather Classical Lectures, v.40). Footnotes contain bibliographical references. Abbreviations p.ix-x. Index. #16258 2.15

BL311.M85 1960   Myth and mythmaking.  Edited and with an introduction by Henry A. Murray.  Braziller, 1960.  381p.  Bibliographical footnotes.  #1533  .50

BL311.M87 1961   Mythologies of the ancient world.  Edited and with introduction by Samuel Noah Kramer.  With contributions by Rudolf Anthes and others.  Doubleday & Company: Anchor Books, c1961.  480p.  Bibliographical References at Ends of sections.  Index.  Contents: Ancient Egypt.  Sumer and Akkad.  Hitte.  Canaanite.  Ancient Greece.  India.  Ancient Iran.  Ancient China.  Japan.  #13127  .25

BL311.N43 1968 Ref   New Larousse encyclopedia of mythology.  New ed.  Introduction by Robert Graves.  Prometheus Press, 1968.  500p., illus., photos (part color), Further Reading p.486-487, index.  #908  11.00

BL313.L37 1990  Larsen, Stephen.   The mythic imagination: your quest for meaning through personal mythology.  Bantam, 1990.  395p., illus., notes, bibl. p.360-372.  #493  12.41

BL313.R263 1964   Rank, Otto, 1884-1939.  The myth of the birth of the hero and other writings.  Edited by Philip Freund.  Random House: Vintage Books, 1964.  315p., xv.  The myth of the birth of the hero, translated by F. Robbins & Smith Ely Jeliffe, 1914.  I-VII from Art and artist, translated by Charles Francis Atkinson, 1932.  VIII & XI from Modern education, translated by Mabel E. Moxon, 1932.  IX from Will therapy and X from Truth and reality, translated by Jessie Taft, 1936.  #7164  .95

BL315.C27 1988  Campbell, Joseph.   Myths to live by.  Frwd. by Johnson E. Fairchild.  Bantam Books, 1988 c1972.  287p., Reference Notes p.276-279, index.  #430  5.25

BL315.E45 1990   Eliot, Alexander, 1919-      The universal myths: heroes, gods, tricksters and others. With contributions by Joseph Campbell and Mircea Eliade. Meridian, c1990; rev. ed. of c1976. x, 258p. Select Bibliography p.237-241. Index.  #9716 14.95

BL315.M87 1972   Mythology: selected readings.  Edited by Pierre Maranda.  Penguin Books, 1972.  320p., statistical tables, diagrams, references at ends of articles.  Further Reading p.299-309.  (Penguin Modern Sociology Readings).  Index.  #7507  .85

BL325.H46R3 1956   Raglan, Fitzroy Richard Somerset, 4th baron, 1885-      The hero, a study of myth, tradition, and drama.  Vintage, 1956; 1st published 1936.  296, xip.  Bibliography p.293-296.  #5101  .25

BL425.P36 1996 Ref   Panati, Charles.  Sacred origins of profound things.  Penguin Group: Arkana, c1996.  xi, 594p., illus. with engravings & woodcut reprints.  References and Reading p.571-575.  Index.  #6.40  #12128

BL430.A76 2006   Armstrong, Karen, 1944-      The great transformation: the beginning of our religious traditions. Alfred A. Knopf, c2006. xviii, 469p., maps, plans, statistical tables. [List of] Maps and Plans p.7. Acknowledgements p.9. Notes p.401-426. Glossary p.427-433. Bibliography p.435-446. Index. #13862 7.05

BL438.H3 1962   Hawkes, Jacquetta.  Man and the sun.  Random House, 1962.  277p.  Index.  #5420  .30

BL458.H45 2002   Her voice, her faith: women speak on world religions. Arvind Sharma, Katherine K. Young, Editors. Perseus Books Group: Westview Press, c2003. viii, 327p. Notes p.283-296. Bibliography p.297-306. About the Contributors p.307-309. Index.  #14005 2.55

BL458.S76 1943   Stone, Merlin.  When God was a woman.  Barnes & Noble Books, 1993 c1976.  xxvii, 265p., maps.  Date Charts p.242-245.  Bibliography p.246-257.  #11127  .55

BL460.K6 1992   Knight, Richard Payne, 1750-1824.  A history of phallic worship: a discourse on the worship of Priapus [and] The worship of the generative powers, by Thomas Wright.  Dorset Press, 1992.  2v. in 1 (217, 196p.)  Bibliographical footnotes.  #1840  2.10

BL473.A75 2009   Armstrong, Karen. The case for God. Alfred A. Knopf c2009. xviii, 411p. Acknowledgements p.331-332. Notes p.333-368. Glossary p.369-377. Bibliography p.379-390. Index. Permissions & Acknowledgements p.407. A Note about the Author p.409-410.  #14273 gift

BL473.N44 2009   Needleman, Jacob. What is God? Penguin Group: Jeremy Tarcher, c2009. [xiv], 243p. Acknowledgements p. [xi-xii]. Notes p.229-232. Index. About the Author p.243.  #14327 7.50

BL475.B3 1987   Baigent, Michael; Leigh, Richard and Lincoln, Henry.  The messianic legacy.  Henry Holt, 1987, c1986.  364p., photos, maps.  Bibliography p.327-334.  #5167  .55

BL477.D3 1971 Ref   Davidson, Gustav,     -1971.  A dictionary of angels, including the fallen angels.  Macmillan: Free Press, 1971 c1967.  386p., illus., tables, Appendix p.333-362.  Bibliography p.362-386.  #1785  2.87

BL504.D8 1973   Dunne, John S., 1929-2013. The city of the gods: a study in myth and mortality. The Macmillan Company, 1973 c1965. xii, 243p. Notes at ends of chapters. Index.  #10254 2.65

BL530.M58 1971   Montagu, Ashley.  Immortality, religion, and morals.  Hawthorn Books, Inc., c1971.  [xi], 176p.  Notes at ends of chapters.  Index.  #11629  4.80

BL540.H45 1989  Heinberg, Richard.  Memories and visions of paradise: exploring the universal myth of a lost  golden age.  Frwd by Roger Williams Wescott.  Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1989.  282p., illus., notes p.257-270, index.  #1043  3.17

BL560.R93 2008   Ryan, Thomas, 1961-       Interreligious prayer: a Christian guide. Paulist Press c2008. viii, 85p. Contains Biblical references. Appendix: Some Sources p.51-78. Notes p.79-85.  #14274 gift

BL603.C66 1978 Ref   Cooper, Jean Campbell, 1905-1999. An illustrated encyclopaedia of traditional symbols. With 120 illustrations. Thames and Hudson c1978. 209p. frontispiece, illus. Acknowledgements p.9. glossary p.201-203. Bibliography p.203-209. Illustration Acknowledgements p.208.  #15855 1.00

BL610.A6 1975   Angus, Samuel, 1881-1943. The mystery-religions: a study in the religious background of early Christianity. 2nd ed. Dover Publications, Inc., 1975; published 1925 as The mystery-religions and Christianity. xviii, 359p. Contains bibliographical footnotes. Selected Bibliography of Modern Writers p.315-332. Selected List of Chief Relevant Ancient Authors p.332-350. Addenda to Bibliography p.351-352. Indexes.  #7028 3.65

BL624.B34 1991  Baldwin, Christina.  Life’s companion: journal writing as a spiritual quest.  Illus. by Susan Boulet.  Bantam Books, 1991 c1990.  352p., il.  #1149  Review

BL624.C65 1981   The common experience.  Edited by John Michael Cohen and John-Francis Phipps.  J.P. Tarcher; distributed by Houghton Mifflin, 1981 c1979.  263p.  Bibliography p.257-261.  Index of Passages Quoted.  #5917  1.00

BL624.F683 2006   Fox, Matthew, 1940-      A new reformation; creation spirituality and the transformation of Christianity.  Inner Traditions, c2006.  xii, 134p.  Acknowledgements p.xi.  Suggested Bibliography p.127-129.  Resources p.130-131.  About the Author p.132-134.   #13515  13.95

BL624.F69 1979   Fox, Matthew, 1940-      A spirituality named compassion and the healing of the global village, Humpty Dumpty and us. Winston Press, c1979. [vi], viii, 285p. Notes p.271-285.  #14118 .40

BL624.T56 2007   Tippett, Krista. Speaking of faith. Viking c2007. xvi, 238p. Acknowledgements p.ix-xi. #13903 11.00

BL625.C64 1990   Coles, Robert.  The spiritual life of children.  Houghton Mifflin: A Peter Dawson Book, 1990.  358p., color drawings.  Notes p.339-351.  Index.  #1410  3.42

BL625.M29 1964  Marechal, Joseph.  Studies in the psychology of the mystics.   Translated with an introductory foreword by Algar Thorald.  Magi Books, 1964; 1st pub. 1927.  344p., notes at ends of chapters.  #1113  2.13

BL625.5.H93 1990   Hyde, Kenneth Edwin.  Religion in childhood and adolescence: a comprehensive review of the research.  Religious Education Press, c1990.  529p.  Statistical tables.  Appendices p.336-396.  Glossary p.397-3999.  References p.400-483.  Indexes.  #12184  1.05

BL628.H68 1995   Housden, Roger.  Retreat: time apart for silence & solitude.  HarperCollinsPublishers: Harper San Franciso, c1995.  [iv], 218p., color illus.  Addresses p.203-209.  Bibliography p.210-211.  Index.  Produced by Labyrinth Publishing (UK) Ltd.  Eesigng by DW Design.  #12861  .15

BL628.5.H47 2013   Hering, Karen. Writing to wake the soul: opening sacred conversation within. Simon & Schuster, Inc: Atria Books/Beyond Words Publishing, c2013. xxiv, 280p. Acknowledgements p.229-232. Appendices: A, Tips for Leading Groups p.233-250. B, Additional Resources p.251-254. Notes p.255-273. Contributors p.275-279/  #15747 20.00

BL690.R46 2000   Religions of late antiquity in practice. Richard Volantasis, Editor. Princeton University Press, c2000. xi, 511p. (Princeton Readings in Religion, 6). Contributors p.xv-xvi. General Bibliography p.13-15. Contains other bibliographical references at ends of readings. Index.  #14493 3.20

BL722.G7 1962   Grant, Michael.  Myths of the Greeks and Romans.  New American Library: Mentor, 1962.  432p., plates, genealogies, maps.  Notes for Further Reading p.395-401.  Index.  #7165  .95

BL722.R4 1972   Reinhold, Meyer, 1909-2002. Past and present: the continuity of classical myths. Drawings by Anna Held Audette. Hokkert, c1972. xii, 452p., drawings maps. Drawings p.xi-xii. Twentieth Century Writers and Classical Myths p.399-415. Bibliography p.417-422. Indexes. Maps p.450-452.  #9811 9.50

BL740.B66 2006   Bonfante, Larissa and Swaddling, Jadith. Etruscan myths. British Museum Press and University of Texas Press, c2006. 80p., photos, engravings, drawings, map. (The Legendary Past). The Etruscan Pantheon p.71-78. Suggestions for Further Reading p.79. Picture Credits p.79. Index.  #13679 7.45

BL781.G77 1955  Graves, Robert, 1895-1985.   The Greek myths.  Penguin, 1955.  2v. (370, 412p.), map, bibl. & notes with text, index.  #51, 52  1.90

BL781.G8 1968   Guthrie, William Keith Chambers, 1906-       The Greeks and their gods.  Beacon Press, 1968; corrected 1954; 1st published c1950.  xiv, 288p.  Contains bibliographical footnotes.  General Index p.375-387.  Index of Greek Words p.388.  #13228  .80

BL782.B8313 1985   Burkert, Walter, 1931-    Greek religion.  Translated by John Raffan.  Harvard University Press, c1985; ist published c1977as Griechische Religion der archaischen und klassichen Epoche.  ix, 493p.  Bibliography p.473-478.  Indexes.  #12327  8.00

BL782.K413 1981   Kerényi, Karl, 1897-1973.  The heroes of the Greeks.  Translated from the German by H. J. Rose.  Thames and Hudson, 1981 c1959; 1st published as Die Heroender Griechen.  xxiv, 439p., illus.  Genealogies A-K p.363-378.  List of the Kings of Athens up to the Trojan War p.380.  Sources p.381-412.  Indexes: Names and Epithets p.413-425; Places and General Subjects p.426-439.  #13239  1.60

BL782.K57 2009   Kirk, G(eoffrey) S(tephen) 1932-2003.   The nature of Greek myths. Foreword by Richard Stoneman. Barnes & Noble, c2009; first published c1974. xii, 276p.  (Barnes & Noble Rediscovers). Selected Bibliography p.259-260. Abbreviations Used in the Notes p.261. Notesp.262-267. Index. #1479r  5.30

BL785.H4 1960   Harrison, Jane Ellen, 1850-1928.  Prolegomena to the study of Greek religion.  3rd ed.  Meridian Books, Inc. c1960; 1st published 1903.  xxii, 682p, drawings.  Bibliographical footnotes.  Critical Appendix on the Orphic Tablets p.659-673.  Indexes.  #12502  .50

BL785.H45 1977   Harrison, Jane Ellen, 1850-1928. Themis: a study of the social origin of Greek religion. With an excursus on the ritual forms preserved in Greek tragedy by Gilbert Murray and a chapter on the origin of the Olympic Games by F. M. Cornford. Merlin Press, 1977 c1963. xxxviii, 559p., photos, drawings, maps. Contains bibliographical footnotes. Addenda and Corrigenda p.xxxv-xxxvi. Index.  #3617 7.35

BL805.A63 2000   Anderson, Graham. Fairy tale in the ancient world. Taylor & Francis Group: Routledge, c2000. xii, 240p. List of Abbreviations p.xi. Notes p.195-219. Bibliography p.220-227. Index of Folktale Types p.228-229. General Index. #10391 26.35

BL820.B2E9 1988  Evans, Arthur.   The god of ecstasy: sex roles and the madness of Dionysius.  St. Martin’s Press: Stonewall InnEditions, 1988.  286p., photos, bibl., index. #471  9.53

BL820.M6S43 1998   Shearer, Ann. Athene: image and energy. Penguin Books: Arkana, 1998 c1996. x, 310p., photos. List of Illustrations Acknowledgements p.viii. August Lady [nams] p.x. Notes p.274-286. Bibliography p.287-297. Acknowledgements p.298-301. Index. #9909 6.50

BL820.O7G8 1993   Guthrie, William Keith Chambers.  Orpheus and Greek religion: a study of the orphic movement.  With 16 plates and 19 text illustrationsPrinceton University Press, c1993 preface; 1st published c1952.  xl, 291p.  Bibliography p.275-278.  Indexes.  #10730  5.35

BL850.R67 2000 Ref   Rossman, Douglas Athon, 1936-   The nine worlds: a dictionary of Norse mythology.  Illustrated by Sharon Rossman.  2nd ed, rev. & exp.  Skandisk, Inc., c2000; 1st published 1983.  112p. illus, photo.  Yggdrasil, The World Tree, unites the Nine Worlds p.108.  Introduction, p.18-20, contains bibliographical references.  Drengskapur: Heroic Code of the Viking Age p.112.  #13472  6.35

BL860.C63 1996   Colum, Padraic, 1881-1972.  Nordic gods and heroes.  With illustrations by Willy Pogany.  Dover Publications, 1996; 1st published 1920 as The children of Odin.  ix, 282p., drawings.  #8095  9.95

BL860.C76 1980  Crossley-Holland, Kevin.   The Norse myths.  Introd. and retold.  Pantheon Books, 1980.  276p., drawings, notes p.181-236, gloss., bibl. p.254-261.  #444.  10.60

BL860.D36 1973  Davidson, H. R. Ellis.   Gods and myths of northern Europe.  Penguin Books, 1973 c1964.  251p., names and sources p.227-240, index.  #951  .26

BL860.L56 2002 Ref   Lindow, John.  Norse mythology: a guide to the gods, heroes, rituals, and beliefs.  Oxford University Press, 20002 c2001.  xv, 365p., black & white photos.  Print and Nonprint Resources p.327-340.  First published as Handbook of Norse Mythology.  #12132  15.20

BL860.T5 2001   Thorpe, Benjamin, 1782-1820.  Northern mythology: from pagan faith to local legends.  Compiled from original and other sources…  With an introduction by Jacqueline Simpson.  Wordsworth Editions in Association with The Folklore Society, c2001; 1st published 1851-1852.  xvi, 683p.  Abbreviations and References p.xii-xiv.  Index.  #11829  3.75

BL900.M445 1998 Ref   MacKillop, James. Dictionary of Celtic mythology. Oxford University Press c1998. xxx, 402p. Select Bibliography p.383-395. Subject Index.  #13811 2.65

BL900.S483 1982   Sjoestedt, Marie-Louise.  Gods and heroes of the Celts.  Translated by Myles Dillon.  Turtle Island Foundation, 1994 c1982; 1st published 1940 as Dieux et Héros des Celtes.  131p.  Bibliography p.115-119.  #5292  3.20

BL900.S57 1996   Spence, Lewis, 1875-1955.  The magic arts in Celtic Britain.  Newcastle Publishing, 1996.  198p., photos, drawings.  List of Works Consulted p.183-184.  Index.  #1957  4.30

BL910.E45 1994   Ellis, Peter Beresford.  The druids.  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, c1994.  304p.  Contains bibliographical references.  Select Bibliography p.282-292.  Index.    #13527  1.10

BL1060.R438 1989 Ref   Religions of antiquity. Edited by Robert M. Seltzer. Macmillan Publishing Company c1989. xii, 306p. Bibliographies at ends of entries. On cover: Religion, history and culture selected from The Encyclopedia of Religion, Mircea Eliade, Editor in Chief.  #15821 3.20

BL1112.52.E53 1992   Vedas.  Rigveda.  English.  Hinduism: the Rig Veda.  Translated by Ralph T. H. Griffith.  Book of the Month Club, 1992; reprint of improved edition, 1896; 1st published 1889.  xii, 656p.  #8088  5.35

BL1120.A3M78 1962   The upanisads.  Translated by F. Max Muller.  Dover, 1962; 1st published 1879, 1884.  2pts. (ci, 320; xii, 350p.), alphabets, bibliographical footnotes (The sacred books of the East, v.I, XV)  #1769, 8094  14.24

BL1125.A3D6 1991   Manu (Lawgiver).   The laws of Manu. With an introduction and notes. Translated by Wendy Doniger with Brian K. Smith. Penguin Books, 2000 c1991. lxxviii, 362p. Acknowledgements p. xiii. History of the Text p.xvi-xlv. The Structure and Meaning of the Text p.xliv-lxi. The Translation plxi-lxxvii. Bibliographyp.291-300. Index and Glossary p.301-362. #16107 3.50

BL1135.P6213 1978   Puranas.  English.  Selections.  Classical Hindu mythology: a reader in the Sanskrit Puranas.  Edited & translated by Cornelia Dimmitt and J.A.B. van Buitenen.  Temple University press, 1978.  373p.  Glossary p.351-359.  Bibliography of Sanskrit Puranas p.365.  Index.  1, Origins.  2, Visnu.  3., Krsna.  4, Siva.  5, The goddess.  6, Seers, kings and supernaturals.  #7451  5.30

BL1138.242.S28E5   Mahabharata.  Sautikaparvan.  English.  The Sautikaparvan of the Mahabharata: the massacre at night.  Translated with an introduction and ntoes by W. J. Johnson.  Oxford University Press, c1998.  xlviii, 140p.  Select Bibliography p.xlii-xlv.  Appendix:  The Mahabharata: a book by book summary of the principal episodes p.87-104.  Proper Names and Epithehts p.133-140.  #11643  5.25

BL1138.62.E5 1972   Bhagavad-gitaThe bhagavad gita.  Translated and interpreted by Franklin Edgerton.  Harvard University Press, c1972 renewal of c1944; 1st published as v.38 & 39 of the Harvard Oriental Series.  xv, 202p.  Notes on the Bibliography and Exegesis of the Gita p.xiii-xv.  Bibliographical footnotes.  Indexes.  #12112  .25

BL1138.62E5 1988  Bhagavad-gita.   Krishna’s counsel in time of war.  A translation by Barbara Stoler Miller.  Bantam Books, 1988 c1986.  169p., keywords p.162-168.  #490  4.19

BL1220.K54 1977   Kinsley, David R.  The sword and the flute: Kali and Krsna, dark visions of the terrible and the sublime in Hindu mythology.  University of California Press, 1977 c1975.  viii, 168p.  Works Cited p.161-168.  #12252  gift

BL1405.B8 1963   Buddhism.  Edited by Richard Agard.  Washington Square Press, 1963.  252p.  Index.  #5031  1.05 BL1405.D4 1972   Buddhist tradition in India, China & Japan.  Ed. by William Theodore de Bary, with the collabora.  tion of Yoshito Hakeda and Philip Yompolsky and with contributions.  Random House: Vintage, 1972 c1969.  417p., Bibl. p.399-401, index.  #1051   3.19

BL1410.T33 1963   The teachings of the compassionate Buddha.  Edited, with introduction and notes by Edwin A. Burtt.  New American Library: Mentor Religious Classic, 1963 c1955.  247p.  Bibliography p.2420243.  Glossary p.244-247.  The best translations of basic texts.  Some basic tdoctrines of the Buddha.  Teaching the path to Nirvana.  The spirit of Theravada Buddhism.  The Mahayana religious ideal.  Some Makayana philosophies.  Devotional and institutional Buddhism in China and Japan.  #9117  3.75

BL1420.H8 1964   Humphreys, Christmas, 1901-       Buddhism.  3d ed.  Penguin Books, 1964 c1962.  256p., photos.  Bibliography at ends of chapters.  Glossary p.242-246p.  General Bibliography p.247-252.  Index.  #9118  3.75

BL1615.K73 1997   Kramer, Samuel Noah, 1897-1990. Sumerian mythology: a study of spiritual and literary achievement in the third millennium B.C. Rev. ed. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997 c1972; 1st published 1944. xxii, 130p., photos, drawings. Contains bibliographical references. List of Illustrations p.ix. Notes p.104-123. Index. #9594 13.85

BL1616.I5I53 1983   Inanna, queen of heaven and earth: her stories and hymns from Sumer.  Diane Walkstein and Samuel Noah Kramer.  Art compiled by Elizabeth Williams Forte.  Harper & Row, c1983.  xix, 227p., photos, drawings, map.  Commentaries p.113-207.  Selected Bibliography p.209-212.  Acknowledgements p.213.  Index.  #12277  6.35

BL1620.M98 1989   Myths from Mesopotamia: creation, the flood, Gilgamesh, and others.  Translated with an introduction and notes by Stephanie Dolley.  Oxford University Press, 1989.  337p.  Glossary p.317-331.  Select Bibliography p.332-337.  #1789  6.42

BL1852.S55 2000   Simpkins, C. Alexander and Simpkins, Annellen.  Simple confucianism: a guide to living virtuously.  Tuttle Publishing, c2000.  x, 140, [ii]p., photos.  Time Line p.1310136.  Bibliography p.137-140.  #12581  3.00

BL1900.L3C35 1974   Laozi, fl. 6th century BCE. The canon of reason and virtue (Lao-tze’s Tao Teh-King) Chinese and English. Translated by D.T.Suzuki & Paul Carus. Open Court, 1974; reprint of 1964 ed.; 1st published 1913. 209p. Sze-ma Ch’ien on Lao-tze p.69-71. The Old Philsopher’s Canon of Reason and Virtue p.73-130. Comments and Alternative Readings p.131-187. Table of References p.189-206. Index. #15737 1.10

BL2001.N6 1994   Nivedita, Sister, 1867-1911 and Commaraswamy, Ananda K.  Hindus and Buddhists.  Studio Editions: Senate, 1994.  426p., illus.  Glossary & Index p.401-426.  #1400  5.33

BL2001.2H56 1987  Hindu myths: a sourcebook.   Tr. from the Sanskrit.  Introd. by Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty.  Penguin Books, 1987 c1975.  358p., appendices, gloss. & index of names.  #450.  6.31

BL2003.I6 1967   Ions, Veronica.  Indian mythology.  Paul Hamlyn, 1967.  141p., illus., colored front.  Further Reading p.140.  Index.  #1396  gratis

BL2003.Z5 1962   Zimmer, Heinrich Robert, 1890-1943.  Myths and symbols in Indian art and civilization.  Edited by Joseph Campbell.  Harper & Row: Harper Torchbooks/The Bollingen Library, 1962 c1946.  xiii, 248p.  70 plages.  Bilbiographical footnotes.  Index.  #11585  5.90

BL2012.M387 1997   McLeod, W. Hew.  Sikhism.  Penguin Books, c1997.  xxxiii, 334p.  Appendix: Translated from the Scriptures p.269-301.  Reference Citations p.315-316.  Bibliographical notes p.317-325.  Index.  #11773  6.40

BL2017.T49 1990   Textual sources for the study of Sikhism. Edited and translated by W.H. McLeod. The University of Chicago Press, 1990 c1984. x, 166p., map (Textual Sources for the Study of Religion). Acknowledgements p.ix. Notes p.147-159. Bibliography p.159-160. Glossary p.161-163. Index.  #13647 3.00

BL2018.5.G85S55 1990   Sikh religion. Sikh Missionary Society, c1990. 320p., photos. ‘The purpose of this book is to spread the doctrine of Sikhism as laid down by the Gurus.’ Selections from the ten Gurus and Guru Granth Sahib. A Brief Outline of Sikh Fundamentals p.270-311. Bibliography p.312. Appendix [glossary] p.313-320.  #15719 .35

BL2525.M423 2006   Meacham, John. God, the founding father, and the making of a nation. Random House, c2006. xii, 399p., front. illus. Bibliography p.359-387. Author’s Note and Acknowledgements p.389-399.  #13564 18.25

BL2525.M6513 2007   Monda, Antonio, 1962-      Do you believe: conversations on God and religion. Translated from the Italian by Ann Goldstein. Random Huse, Inc.: Vintage Books, c2007; 1st published as Tu Credi? c2006. xii, 178p. #15026 2.15

BL2340.R44 1974   Religious life and communities.  Keter Books, 1974.  214p., photos.  Bibliography p.201-204 (Israel Pocket Library)  Originally published in Encyclopedia Judaica.  #5243  .50

BL2400.K72 1995 Ref   Knappert, Jan. African mythology: an encyclopedia of myth and legend. Illustrated by Elizabeth Knappert. Diamond Books, 1995; 1st published as The Aquarian Guide to African Mythology c1990. 272p. drawings. A Note on Sources p.17-18. Bibliography p.270-272.  #13090 1.05

BL2400.M38 1970   Mbiti, John S.  African religions and philosophy.  Doubleday: Anchor Books, 1970 c1969.  xvi, 384p.  Select Bibliography p.364-371.  Indexes.  #8057  .20

BL2441.S47 1999   Seton-Williams, Marjorie Veronica, 1910-        Egyptian legends and stories.  Barnes & Noble Books, 1999 c1988.  vi, 137p., drawings, map.  Bibliogrpahy p.131.  Glossary p.132-134.  Index.  #11457  6.40

BL2441.3.O9 2003 Ref   The Oxford essential guide to Egyptian mythology.  Edited by Donald B. Redford.  Berkley Books, 2003 c2002.  Published originally as The Ancient gods speak: a guide to Egyptian religion.  viii, 405p., photos, drawings.  Works Cited p.383-386.  Further Reading p.387-389.  Index.  #12624  8.60

BL2525.C637 1993   Carter, Stephen L, 1954-    The culture of disbelief: how American law and politics trivialize religious devotion.  Basic Books, 1993.  328p.  Bibliographical Notes p.279-318.  Index.  #1599  4.79

BL2525.K67 1993   Kosmin, Barry A. and Lachman, Seymour P.  One nation under God: religion in contemporary American society.  Harmony Books, c1993.  [v], 312p., maps, graphs, statistical tables.  Bibliography [by chapter] p.302-308.  Index.  #12708  1.10

BL2525.M37   Marty, Martin E., 1928-       Modern American religion. The University of Chicago Press c1986-         v. (xi, 386;      p.) photos. Notes p.321-367. Index. v.1: The irony of it all, 1893-1919.  #14073 10.65

BL2525.M423 2006   Meacham, John.  American Gospel: God, the founding fathers, and the making of a nation.  Random House, c2006.  xii, 399p., frontispiece, illus.  Bibliography p.359-387.  Author’s Note and Acknowledgements p.389-399.   #13564  18.25

BL2525.N48 1984   Neuhaus, Richard John.  The naked public square: religion and democracy in America.  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, c1984.  viii, 280p.  End Notes p.265-275.  Index.  #12964  1.00

BL2525.S55 1988  Silk, Mark.   Spiritual politics: religion and America since World War II.  Simon & Schuster, 1988.  206p., notes p.183-195, index.  #448.  4.22

BL2530.U6H8 1973 Ref   Hudson, Winthrop H.  Religion in America: an historical account of the development of A merican religious life.  2d ed.  Charles Scribner’s Sons 1973.  463p.  Suggestions for Further Reading p.442-444.  Index.  #1462  1.00

BL2530.U6D5   A documentary history of religion in America.  Edited by Edwin S. Gaustad2d ed.  Eerdmans, 1993.  2v.  v.1, To the Civil War.  #5526  .50

BL2725.S6 1986   Ingersoll, Robert G., 1833-1899. Some mistakes of Moses. Prometheus Books, 1986; 1st published 1879. xii, 13-290p.  #9604 1.05

BL2746.6.N67 2004   Norman, Richard J          , Taylor & Francis Group. On humanism. Routledge, c1004. 170p. (Thinking in Action). Acknowledgements Notes p.161-166 Index. #16113 2.15

BL2760.J33 2004   Jacoby, Susan.  Freethinkers: a history of American secularism.  Henry Holt and Company: Metropolitan Books, c2004.  xii, 417p.  Notes p.371-388.  Selected Bibliography p.389-398.  Acknowledgement p.319-341.  Index.   #13401  5.95

BL2775.2.S913 1961   Szczesny, Gerhard. The future of unbelief. Translated from the German by Edward B. Garsick. George Braziller c1961; 1st published as Die Zukunft des Unglaubens. 221p.  #13996 2.15

BL2775.3.D39 2006   Dawkins, (Clinton) Richard, 1941-      The god delusion. Houghton Mifflin Company c2006. x, 406p. A Partial List of Friendly Addresses, for individuals needing support in escaping from religion p.375-379. Books Cited or Recommended p.380-387. Notes p.388-399. Index.  #15863 2.15

BL2775.3.H37 2004   Harris, Sam. The end of faith: religion, terror, and the future of reason. [With a new afterword]. W. W. Norton & Company, c2004. 348p., tables. Notes p.239-301. Bibliography p.303-331. Acknowledgements p.333. Index. #14321 15.60

BL2780.R87 1957   Russell, Bertrand, 3d Earl Russell, Viscount Amberley, 1872-1970.  Why I am not a Christian and other essays on religion and related subjects.  Edited with an appendix on the “Bertrand Russell Case” by Paul Edwards.  Simon & Schuster: Clarion, 1957.  266p.  #1647  .25

BM43.J83 1962   Judaism. Edited by Arthur Hertzberg. George Braziller, 1962 c1961. 256p. References p.247-256. #10148 1.10

BM45.R672 1998   Rosenzwig, Franz, 1886-1929. God, man, and the world: lectures and essays. Edited and translated from the German by Barbara E. Galli. With a foreword by Michael Oppenheim. Syracuse University Press, c1998. xxxv, 152p. Contains bibliographical notes. Acknowledgements p.ix. Index.  #9451 1.00

BM157.N47 1992   Neuser, Jacob, 1932-      An introduction to Judaism: a textbook and reader.  Westminster/John Knox Press, c1991.  xvi, 476p.  Notes after chapters.  Glossary p.447-471.  Index.  #11200  3.95

BM176.R8 1977   Russell, David Syme.  Between the testaments.  rev. ed.  Fortress Press, 1977 c1965; 1st published c1960.  176p.  A Select Bibliography p.163-164.  Rulers and Events p.165-166.  Indexes.  #12104  1.10

BM195.M6 1977   Modern Jewish thought: a source reader.  Edited by Nahum N. Glatzer.  Schocken Books, 1977.  xiii, 240p.  Selected Bibliography p.215-231.  Index.  #7203  .95é

BM390.A69 2000   Armstrong, Karen, 1944-       The battle for God. Knopf: A Borzoi Book, c2000. xvi, 443p. Glossary p.369-379. Notes p.381-408. Bibliography p.409-424. Acknowledgements p.423. Index. About the Author p.443.  #10105 3.00

BM487.A3V4 1997 Ref   Dead Sea Scrolls. English. The complete Dead Sea scrolls in English [translated from the Hebrew and Aramaic and edited by] Géza Vermes. Penguin Books c1997; 1st published as The Dead Sea scrolls in English c1962. xx, 648p. maps, chronology. Contains bibliographical references. Scroll Catalogue p.601-619. Index of Qumran Texts p.620-622. Major Editions of Qumran Manuscripts p.628-630. General Bibliography p.631-633. General Index.  #9865 20.20

BM487.A3W57 1996 Ref   Wise, Michael; Abegg, Martin; and Cook, Edward.  The Dead Sea scrolls: a new translation.  HarperSanFrancisco, 1996.  513p.  Bibliography p.494-503.  Indexes.  #5253  3.45

BM487.B78 1986   Burrows, Millar.   Dead sea scrolls.  With translations by the author.  Gramercy Publishing, 1986.  435p., bibl. p.419-435.  #934  9.56

BM487.D42 2000   Deasley, Alex R. G.  The shape of Qumran theology.  Paternoster press, c2000.  xiv, 341p.  Abbreviations p.xiii-xiv.  Notes at ends of chapters.  Author Index p.327-331.  Subject Index p.332-341.  #13583  2.15

BM487.D422 2010 Ref   Dead Sea scrolls and the Bible: ancient artifacts, timeless treasures. Milwaukee Public Museum c2010. 68p. photos, facsimilies.  #14179 10.50

BM487.G65 1995   Golb, Norman.  Who wrote the Dead Sea scrolls?  The search for the secret of Qumran.  Scribner, 1995.  446p., photos, map, facsimilies.  Selected Bibliography p.423-431. Index.  #5044  6.40

BM487.U49 1992   Understanding the Dead Sea Scrolls: A reader from the Biblical Archaeology Review. Edited by Herschel Shanks. Random House, c1992. xxxviii, 337p. photos, facsimilies, plans. Acknowledgements p.vii-viii. Illustrations and Charts p.xiii-xiv. On Caves and Scholars p.ix-xxx. Notes p.290-311. About the Authors p.313-315. Index. Sources and Dates of Original Articles p.337. #16347 1.70

BM487.W5 1975   Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972.  The Dead Sea scrolls, 1947-1969.  Collins Fontana Library, 1975 c1969; rev. & exp. from The Scrolls from the Dead Sea, 1955.  312p., index.  #7204  .25

BM496.6.N48 2005   Neusner, Jacob, 1932-2016. Rabbinic literature: an essential guide. Abingdon Press, c2005. [vi], 164p. Notes p.150-162. Appendix p.163-164. #16478 3.25

BM506.A2 E5 1959   Aboth.  English.   The living Talmud, the wisdom of the fathers and its classical commentaries.  New American Library, 1957.  247p.  #97  Index of Sages, p.244  .50

BM532.B7613 1991   Buber, Martin, 1878-1965.  Tales of the Hasidim.  Bk.1: Early masters and Bk.2: Later masters.   Schocken Books, 1991.  2v. in 1 (353, 352p.) notes, glossary, bibliography, genealogy, indexes.  First published 1947.  #1037  3.81

BM535.C37 2001   Carroll, James.  Constatine’s sword: the church and the Jews.  Houghton Mifflin Company, c2001.  xii, 756p.  Chronology p.622-627.  Bibliography p.696-719.  Index.  #12388  7.00

BM535.L395 1962   Levine, Raphael H.  Two paths to one God: Judaism and Christianity.  With an introduction by the Rt. Rev. Stephen F. Bayne.  Collier Books, c1962; 1st published as Holy mountain, c1953.  256p.  Important Events in Jewish History p.237-244.  Important Events in American Jewish History p.245-246.  Bibliography p.247-249.  Index.  #10893  .25

BM536.7L49 1999   Levine, Lee I. Judaism and  Hellenism in antiquity: conflict or confluence? Hendrickson Publishers, 1999 c1998. xiv, 227p., photos, drawings, maps. (Samuel and Althea Stroum Lectures in Jewish Studies). Contains bibliographical footnotes. Abbreviations p.185-186. Bibliography p.187-207. Indexes. #14491 8.55

BM545.D3 1956   Maimonides, Moses, 1135-1204.  The guide for the perplexed.  Translated from the original Arabic text by M. Friedlander.  2d ed., rev. throughout.  Dover Publications, 1956 c1904.  lix, 414p.  The Moreh Nebuchim literature p.xxvii-xxxviii.  Indexes.  #7761  5.30

BM561.R58 2000 Ref   Robinson, George, 1953-      Essential Judaism: a complete guide to beliefs, customs, and rituals. Pocket Books, c2000. xxiv, 644p., diagrams, charts, chrnology. Notes at ends of chapters. Acknowledgements p.xix-xxi.  Appendices: 1. Some Key Documents of Contemporary Religious Belief p.505-540. 2. Timeline of Major Events p.541-550. 3. Where the Jews are Today p.551-555. 4. Jewish Holidays, 1999-2006 p.556. 5. An Orthodox Union Kosher Primer p.557-566. Glossary p.567-598. Sources and Resources p.599-617. Index.  #10106 7.95

BM561.W65 1986   Wouk, Herman.  This is my God: the Jewish way of life.   rev. ed. Simon & Schuster: Touchstone, 1986 c1970.  317p., notes p.250-97, gloss. p.300-307, Book List p.310-313.  #916  1.90

BM601.F29 1989   Fackenheim, Emil L.  To mend the world: foundations of post-holocaust thought.  With a new preface by the author.  Schocken Books, 1989.  358p.  Bibliographical footnotes and notes p.335-344. Index.  #1291  2.12

BM610.K85 1989   Kushner, Harold S(amuel) 1935-      When children ask about God: a guide for parents who don’t always have all the answers. New ed. Shocken Books, c1989; 1st published c1971. xxviii, 177p. #15782 2.15

BM657.A8 H36 1993   Hancock, Graham.  The sign and the seal: the quest for the lost Ark of the Covenant.  Simon & Schuster: Touchstone, 1993 c1992.  600p., References p.517-588, index.  #1097  13.49

BM690.A433 1965  Agnon, Shmuel Yosef.  Days of  Awe: being a treasury of traditions, legends and learned commentaries concerning Rosh Ha-Shana, Yom Kippur and the days between culled from 300 volumes…  Schocken, 1965.  297p., bibl. p.283-297.  #1029   2.86

BM700.G32 1963 Ref   Ganzfried, Solomon. Code of Jewish law: Kilzar Shulhan Aruh. A compilation of Jewish laws and customs. Annotated rev. ed. Translated by Hyman E. Goldin. Hebrew Publishing Company c1963. 4v. in 1 ( [xiv] 154, 150, 122, 138, xxiip). Notes p.1-xxxii.  #13695 1.10

BM729.B53 1984   Biale, Rachel.  Women and Jewish law: the essential texts, their history, and their relevance today.  With a new foreword by the author.  Schocken Books, c1985; 1st published c1984.  vi, 293p.  Notes p.267-283.  Halakhic Sources p.285-286.  Glossary p.287-288.  Index.  #12705  .37

BP50.A69 2000   Armstrong, Karen, 1944-      Islam: a short history. The Modern Library, c2000. xxxvi, 222p., maps (A Modern Library Chronicles Book). Chronology p.189-198. Glossary of Arabic Terms p.199-202. Notes p.203-204. Suggestions for Further Reading p.205-211. Index. #15752 3.25

BP52.K37 2006   Karsh, Efraim. Islamic imperialism: a history. Yale University Press, c2007. xii,284p. maps, genealogies, tables. Notes p.242-272. Index.  #14363 2.15

BP52.S24 1981  Said, Edward W.   Covering Islam: how the media and the experts determine how we see the rest of the world.  Pantheon Books, 1981.  186p., notes, index.  #996  3.81

BP60.E84 1999   Esposito, John L.  The Islamic threat: myth or reality?  3rd ed.  Oxford University press, c1999.  xxi, 328p.  Select Bibliography p.313-317.  Index.  #11096  16.20

BP63.A1N35 1972   Naupaul, Vidiahar Surajprasad, 1932-        Among the believers: an Islamic journey.  Random House: Vintage Books, 1982 c1981.  viii, 430p.  #11316  17.15

BP75.A391 1992   Ali, Muhammad, 1874-1951.   The living thoughts of the Prophet Muhammad.  Ahmadiyya Amjuman Isha, c1992; 1st published 1947.  vii, 156p.  #11372  5.30

BP75.A52 1960  Andrae, Tor.   Mohammed, the man and his faith.  rev. ed.  Harper: Torchbooks, 1960 c1955.  194p.  #54.  1.25 BP75.13.R613 1980.  Robinson, Maxime.  Muhammad: Tr. from the French by Anne Carter.  Pantheon Books, 1980.  362p., genealogy, maps, Arabic words & names, p.331-344, bibl. p.345-348, index.  1st pub, 1961, as Mahomet.  #1033  3.81

BP109.D3 1999  Koran.  English.  Dawood.  1999.   The Koran.  5th rev. ed., with further revision & notes.  Translated with notes by N. J. Dawood.  Penguin Books, c1999; 1st published 1956.  viii, 456p.  Index.  #11672  7.40

BP130.4.C66 2000   Cook, Michael A.  The Koran: a very short introduction.  Oxford University Press, c2000xii, 164p., photos, maps, facsimilies.  Going Further p.150-153.  Indexes.  #11376  7.25

BP130.4.S589 2008   Siddiqui, Mona. How to read the Qurian. W.W. Norton & Company, 2008, c2007. 1st published by Granta Boks. viii, 120p. (How To Series). Contains bibliographical references. Notes p.106-108. Chronology p.109-111. Suggestions for Further Reading p.112-116. Index. #16150 2.10

BP161.2.F3 1994   Farah, Eesar E.  Islam: beliefs and observances.  5th ed.  Barrons, 1984.  434p.  Glossary p.408-416.  Recommended Reading p.417-429.  #5460  12.45

BP161.2L56 1990   Lippman, Thomas W.  Understanding Islam: an introduction to the Muslim world.  Rev. ed.  A Mentor Book, c1990; 1st published 1982.  xii, 194p.  Glossary p.182-185.  Bibliography p.186-188.  Index.   #13396  .40 BP161.2.R87 2000   Ruthven, Malise.  Islam in the world.  2nd ed.  Oxford University Press, c2000; 1st published c1984.  xxi, 472p., black & white photos & engravings.  Suggestions for Further Reading p.419-424.  Glossary p.425-432.  Genealogical Tables p.433-434.  A Chronology p.436-443.  Index.  #11497  10.70

BP163.A2515 2005   Abdul Rauf, Feisal, 1948-      What’s right with Islam is what’s right with America. Foreword by Karen Armstrong. HarperCollinsPublishers: HarperSanFrancisco, 2005 c2004. xxii, 314p. Acknowledgements p.285-286. Appendix: Fatwa Permitting U.S. Muslim Military Personnel to Participate in Afghanistan War Effort p.287-291. Notes p.293-305. Index.  #13820 1.00

BP163.R46 1998   Renard, John, 1944-      Responses to 101 questions on Islam.  Paulist Press, c1998.  viii, 173p.  Suggestions for Further Reading p.159-160.  Index.  #11371  6.95

BP173.4.A47 2000   Al-Sheha, Abdul Rahman.  Women in the shade of Islam.  Rendered into English by Dr. Mohammed Said Dabas.  Introduced by Dr. Ahmad Ibn Saifuddir.  Rev. by Abdulaziz Addvesh.  3rd. ed.  Islamic Education Center? [1418] 2000; 1st published 1997 or 98.  [vii], 120, [iv]p.  #12790  1.00

BP182.A6 2010   Aslan, Reza. Beyond fundamentalism: confronting religious extremism in the age of globalization. Random House Trade Paperbacks, c2010; 1st published c2009 as How to win a cosmic war. viii, 225p. Acknowledgements p.177. Glossary p.179-181. Notes p.183-208. Select Bibliography p.209-212. Index.  #15016 1.70

BP194.185.N37 2006   Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza, 1960-        The Shia Revival: how conflicts within Islam will shape the future. W.W. Norton & Company c2006. 288p. map. Notes p.255-268. Acknowledgementsp.269-270. Index. About the Author p.288. #16134 gift

BP595.B3 1966   Barfield, Owen.  Romanticism comes of age.  new & augumented ed.  Rudolf Steiner Books, 1966; 1st published 1944.  254p., bibliographical footnotes.  #7651  1.25

BP605.C68J353 1993   Jampolsky, Gerald G        1925-       and Cirincione, Diane V.  Change your mind, change your life: concepts in attitudinal healing.  Bantam Books, 1993.  285p.  #1839  2.87

BQ1192.E5T77 1993   Suttapitka.  English.  Selections.  The Buddha’s philosophy of man: early Indian Buddhist diagloges.  Arranged and edited by Trevor Ling.  J.M. Dent: Everyman’s Library, 1993 c1981.  xxiv, 215p., map.  Bibliography p.214-215.  #7585  1.85

BQ9294.4.J3W4713 1978   van de Wetering, Jan Willem, 1931-        Empty mirror: experiences in a Japanese Zen monastery.  Washington Square Press, 1978 c1973; 1st published, 1972 as De Lege Spiegel.  192p.  #5200  .30

My Fulfillment

October 9, 2012

On the Authentic Road

According to Susan Krauss Whitbourne, The Search for Fulfillment: revolutionary new research that reveals the secret to long-term happiness (2010).

I bought this book to give away in a fund-raiser but stopped to examine it before it was out of my hands. When a young academic in psychology, Whitbourne adopted a bit of guidance for herself: Live live when young as if looking back on it when you’re old. Influenced by the work of Erik Erikson who focused on adult development through the lifespan, she began to test his theories by also studying people over time, mapping their changes, and discovering the effects of early decisions.

Can people find fulfillment at any age? After forty years of following 182 subjects, she gives her answer, albeit influenced by Erikson’s recognition of the forces of development and change in human lives. Because of human variation, people tend to follow one of five life paths into which Whitbourne grouped her subjects. Yes/no answers to a set of Eriksonian questions provide the bases for these groupings. Honest answers will fit all five points of one particular path The five pathways are Meandering Way, Straight and Narrow Way, Downward Slope, Triumphant Trail, Authentic Road.

I am of the latter. The Authentic Road is the path of those who continuously examine their life’s direction and force themselves to take a bold and honest look a whether it is truly satisfying (p.56). It’s a process of identity achievement by willing examination of alternatives without rigidity or fear of change. The result is enhanced feelings of inner authenticity that turn into generativity and ego integrity in the middle years and into later life.

In other words, as I have gotten older I think that I have become more like my true self. I focus on what has worked out well for me. And I continue considering options in my life in order to continue becoming more fulfilled. This year, I have spent major portions of time on the cause of defeating the marriage amendment in Minnesota, largely within my congregation and through the Minnesota division of the American Association of University Women. This I have done because equality, concern for the neighbor, and civil conversation are all values I prize. Nevertheless, I vow that this is my last major contribution of a civic nature. From now on I vow to intentionally focus on my reading and writing.

Being an INTJ has meant being an introspective, self-examining, rational pursuer of beneficial change.  (See My INTJ.) I did not know of these pathways, though I have read Erikson in the past. I am glad to find one more confirmation of my type that bolsters my sense of reaching out and of desire for holism.

I am not saying that at this point I am completely and finally fulfilled. But I have a very clear idea of what I want to achieve and a new reservoir of confidence to obtain at least some of it.

Copyright  2012 by Roger Sween.

I welcome all public comments to blog articles. For personal comments from those who know me, send to my email.

Scope Note

March 28, 2011

I tried a diary, but that is too cumbersome of time, and a bit boring I suspect to readership.  So, I decided on a more summary approach, also more suited to my reflective personality.

These highlights allow me more narrative than Facebook provides and may satisfy those who want to know me better as I do myself.

Tempora Labuntur

November 18, 2010

Tempora labuntur, tacitisque senescimus annis, et fugiunt freno non remorante dies.
      —Ovid, Fasti, VI, 771-772.[1]

Remember watery Kronos, that second-generation god,
a titan who devoured all his children, thus all of us,
at last dethroned by his sister-wife, Rhea, our mother.
She gave him a swaddled stone to swallow, not Zeus.
Him she hid until the deposition of one tyrant by another.

Thus the times were born, as antique ancestors say,
and the Ancient of Days became Old Father Time,
cloaked as fondly paternal, no longer voracious.
Bring on the Saturnalia!  Each spent year, reborn,
becomes the next year’s lease.  So goes the lie.
Tempora labuntur:  The times, they slide away.

In Sumer, two millennia gone before the Hellenes
had sense to name themselves and spin creation stories,
some wide-eyed scribes found comfort in the cyclical.
Does not the horizon’s circle surround me, and starry figures
process round to begin again each year upon their start?
Sumer is dust; yet I, as though become one of them, adore
that circle the Sumerians segmented into sixty parts times six.
Tempora labuntur:  The times, they slide away.

Sixty-minute clocks tame time to clicks and blinks,
but we malcontents zoned the earth, established times standard,
and fool ourselves with saving time and killing time.
As all you slaves, I pretend mastery over that shadow god,
King Kronos, at my side, always at the high noontide of now.
Calendars, schedules, almanacs, every time-mangling deception
dupes me into believing I superintend temporality by these tools.
Rather, revengeful time obsesses me even as Bartlett amply shows.
Tempora labuntur:  The times, they slide away.

What lies beyond the slinky toy of time, the ends of which
stretch inexorably backward, onward without discoverable horizons?
Have I not for too long tended fitfully to a time
that fulfills only its own tendency?
Tempora labuntur:  The times, they slide away.

I am become Tantalus, racked between history and mystery.
Time’s plethoric minutia dangle teasingly always beyond my grasp,
condemning me to never gather even the Stoic’s fruited truth?[2]
While at my feet, nothing endures but the rush of this riverine duration.
Tempora labuntur:  The times, they slide away.

[1]   The times slide away as we grow old with silent years; without a restraining bridle, the days escape.

[2] Veritatem dies aperit:  Time discovers the truth.—Seneca, De Ira, II, 22.

Copyright © 2008 by Roger Sween.

For some inward reason, most of my poems deal implicitly with time, but Tempora Labuntur is the most deliberate of them.  Dwelling on the common expression, “time flies,” when traced to its source, I found another meaning to tempora labuntur in Ovid’s Fasti, an extended poem on the holidays of the Roman calendar, that more suited my theme.

Tempora Labuntur first appeared on Helium in 2008, was posted in CeptsForm on Blogspot, 24 Feb. 2009, and moved to WordPress, 18 Nov. 2010.

For other poems by Roger Sween posted on this blog, see the list on My Poetry.

I welcome substantive comments on this blog.  Send personal comments to my email address.


November 14, 2010

My Own & As a Subject of Study

By the time I was a high school sophomore, we had world history.  I was then fifteen and discovered that while I loved history, Jimmy Dickinson was probably the only other one in our whole class of sixty people that had the same regard for it that I did.  They complained that history was boring, difficult, pointless, and stupid.  History did not do any good for anyone, they said. 

These attitudes surprised me, and I wondered at the vast difference between them and me: I found history exciting, far easier than geometry or almost anything else, pertinent and personal, and altogether enlightening.  What made the difference?

If memory serves, I did not differentiate between subjects in my early years.  Whatever I read seemed all connected, all aspects of the same mysterious need to know, all feeding the same imagination.  Whether myths and legends, Oz books, stories of King Arthur or Robin Hood, biographies of authors, chemists, or explorers, the Book of Knowledge (1949) that Dad bought for us Sween kids, they all collided together in my mind.  I think when we left self-contained classrooms, except for music or penmanship, and went to Junior High, discreet subjects emerged in the separated classrooms of seventh grade.

We had Miss Louella Watson for junior high social studies.  She seemed old to us, plain and always dressed in blue, but I suppose she was in her fifties then.  She could be stern, noted for running the silent detention room all those years.  I admired her teaching, especially of American History, even if I never did grasp why Andrew Jackson was her favorite president.  He seemed then as now always a roughshod spoiler to me.

She made history live for me and I reveled how different the stories of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln were in her class from the few incidents we had heard repeatedly in the elementary years.  I remember a test of hers in which she passed out pictures each with a number; we had sheets filled with the corresponding numbers.  Besides the appropriate number on our sheet, we identified the content of the picture – proclaiming the Declaration of Independence, Conestoga wagon, panning for gold, or whatever.  I think I did very well on that test; at least I enjoyed it.

Study halls were in the library, a mix of all upper grades in one room, depending on who did not have a class that hour.  Because of the large number of people, probably 50-60 at a time, we were under the control the monitor.  Chiefly you could not wander until the last 15-20 minutes unless to use the encyclopedias.  I was reading books in the Landmark Series in those days, rather introductory biographies and histories, but opening doors for me.  After I had read a book, I wanted to check it in the encyclopedia: I would go from Americana to Britannica to Colliers looking up the particular subject, related facts and cross references.  When allowed to leave our seats, other dashed for the magazines, and I went to the book stacks.

Mrs. Charlotte Whitney, the school librarian, had been the city’s public librarian when I was a younger child.  However, when widowed she went to the University of Minnesota in order to be licensed for the school.  Mrs. Lois Palmer succeeded her at the public library.  Both these women were friends of my mother and naturally took a close personal interest in me.  They were always willing to talk about what I had just read, what I thought, and then recommended relates books for me, held books for me, and in the case of the public library obtained interlibrary loan for me although in those days that service was specifically limited to adults.  Eventually, I was reading at an adult level and most of my book reading came from the public library or books I bought.

When I look back at it from later years, all that reading caused the turning point in my life.  Though I did not realize it at the time, I was learning more from reading than I was from any class.  The pivotal book became Gods, Graves and Scholars (1st ed., 1951), a book about the history of archaeology.  I had thought to be a scientist, possibly a chemist: Robert Boyle was my hero, and I had written a paper on him for Mr. Duane Armstead in the 7th grade.  However reading about the sciences was one glorious thing, actually doing science and math was messy and tedious.  Marek’s book helped me think through my real interests so that I gravitated from science to history via the temporary consideration of my life as an archaeologist.

I wanted to be a historian.  Of course, I had no idea what a historian did except write histories, but whatever it was, I wanted it.  I could not get enough of history.  From then onwards, I read almost exclusively histories, especially past history – the more antique the better – along with a slew of historical novels.  Waltari, Schoonover, and Shellabarger were my favorites, but also The Count of Monte Cristo, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, War and Peace and other novels with a historical setting. 

For fun, I was tracing the ancestry of Queen Elizabeth I, something that I dithered over for several years given that the resources I had were all secondary and limited.  Recently, a friend of mine from elementary through college years and after, remembered that in high school I knew the names of all the kings and queens of England from the time of the Norman Conquest to the present, both in order and by their successive relationships.  Well, we have our specialties; I could not claim the same affinity for the presidents of the United States.  It was not until I had American History from Dr. Erling Jorstad at St. Olaf that I experienced U.S. history as exciting as the days of yore.

About 1955, I had discovered Machiavelli’s The Prince (the Ricci/Vincent edition, 1954, in paperback)  available at the local drugstore.  This was the first book I read in which someone was doing something with historical knowledge and I began to write simultaneously the novel Frivovla the Well-Attended in which Prince Frivovla reads The Prince and develops a lifelong philosophy of basilaeism (of the duties of monarchy) which she exercises through various episodes of her life.

In 1957, I attended a Luther League assembly in Minneapolis and browsed the books being sold there.  I bought Now or Never: some reflections on the meaning of the fullness of time by Walter Charles Schnackenberg, who was then a professor of history at Pacific Lutheran College.  This 79 page booklet, selling for 50 cents, was number 4 of volume 1 in The Fullness Series, published by the International Young People’s Luther League.  When I look back at it now, I am astounded that in those days, the Evangelical Lutheran Church aimed this kind of literature aimed at teenage readers, despite the advanced concepts and German quotations.  I had never read or imagined anything like it.

Schnackenberg warns in his preface that this book covers a difficult topic in a manner that is difficult to accomplish.  Nevertheless, “this contribution seeks to lay out some working hypotheses on the approaches to the bastion of meaningful truth; it seeks to provoke discussion of relevant problems among interested Christians; it seeks to furnish for young people, directly or indirectly, a few signposts which will indicate where the battlefield is located, and to point out some weapons of the Christian faith which might be suitable in the struggle against disillusion and frustration as we find it in these times and these places.”  Whew!  I doubt that I knew at that time what “hypotheses” meant, but my practice for years had been to list every word I did not know and look them up.  Besides the vocabulary, I could not guess what all the fuss was about.  Weapons?  Disillusion?  These times?

Schnackenberg gave me a definition of history in the universal sense – all that has happened  – and of history in the professional sense – concern with the past of what has happened and its sequence to the present, but not with the future that is outside our knowledge.  Qualifications followed: not only is knowledge of history in its universality impossible, but human reduction of history into a subject of study is also necessarily limited.  Here comes the part that has stuck with me all these years.  History is the interpreted fragment of the discovered fragment of the recorded fragment of the selected fragment of the remembered fragment.  Of course, I know now that the remembered fragment is prone to error and partiality, depending on viewpoint.

From that reading, I humbled myself in the face of all history that I took as the study before me and as the universal of all the history of existence that loomed behind me. I did not call history discovery at that time, but daily discovery was my experience.  The larger part of Schnackenberg’s task in illuminating the “historical situation” puts history as the sequence in time within its eschatological and Christian contexts.  I believe that I accepted that explanation without fully realizing its import, but such an account moved me along to further consideration of the philosophy of history.

Enamored as I was of Nietzsche as a college freshman, I also read The Use and Abuse of History, translated by Adrian Collins (1957).  Nietzsche’s contrary views proved always startling and difficult to grasp so that I spent a lot of time with him that first year of college, even wrote a long paper on him to inform and resolve my thinking and to practice research based on sources.  Even then I was not sure of my own understanding.  However, clearly just as in Thus Spake Zarathustra where Nietzsche wants more out of life, in this essay on history, he wants more enlightenment, utility and impact out of history.  Nietzsche found the historicism of his day stultifying without transformative value.  “Only strong personalities can endure history; the weak are extinguished by it” (1957, p. 32).  Living up to Nietzsche’s visions proved quite a challenge.

Next came the call of Hegel’s Reason in History, translated by Robert S. Hartman (1953).  By reading Hegel, I came to a fuller understanding of the Nietzschean reaction.  Though Hegel declared that we must take history as it is, for him theory and theology overflowed that history  and the evolution of history as a process.  He had failed to compel me as Nietzsche had.  When I read Hegel’s statement “World history is the progress of the consciousness of freedom – a progress whose necessity we have to investigate” (1953, p.24), I thought, Yes, very well; I will continue to investigate.  I stopped reading Hegel at that point and began to investigate, continuing unto this day.

My classmates had not fallen into the adventurous discovery of history as I had.  No wonder: textbooks and teachers constituted their exposure to it.  I was on the path of intellectual exploration, a never-ending quest.  In existential terms, I understood history (universal) as our nature, a nature far more mysterious than could be grasped but the only study worth a lifetime of effort (learning as our profession), always unfolding, always new, refreshed.

Many years later, after I had quit employment, a new Commissioner came to head the Minnesota Department of Education in a Republican administration.  She professed a love of history and brought her old history books along with her into office.  At that time, history was one of the state curriculum standards under development.  As the controversies of what was valid played out in the standards revision, the Commissioner railed against revisionism in history.  For her, history was fixed, unarguable.  Too much Hegel, I thought; not enough Nietzsche.  Obviously, she never read Schnackenberg.


I welcome all comments to blog articles.  For personal comments to me, send to

 Copyright © 2009 by Roger Sween.

 History first appeared in CeptsForm on Blogspot, 18 Dec. 2009, and moved to WordPress, 14 Nov. 2010.


November 14, 2010

Concepts and Concept Formation

 Where do we get our ideas?  How do we test and develop those ideas?  How do we share them?  What effect do ideas have; that is, what difference do they make?

These questions have stirred me for a long time.  Mother took me to the public library at an early age, and Dad read aloud to us four children.  These routines made me a dedicated reader from childhood, a habit I have not yet abandoned.  Reading and other experiences led me to bouts of imagination and questioning.  No doubt early discovery of myths and legends led me to wonder and speculate.  I asked questions that Dad answered, ‘There is no way to answer that.’  In his 70s, he asked me similar open-ended question.  When still young, I had learned to ponder, a trait typical of the very mature, who have lived through considerable history.

Though my first choice of profession was to be some kind of scientist, perhaps a chemist, I was never very good at the messy sciences.  I would rather read about biology, chemistry and physics  than do them.  I read Gods, Graves and Scholars (1951) when I was twelve years old, and suddenly archaeology appealed to me.  The possibility of discovering the long-lost past excited my imagination.  Subsequently, history, historical novels, and biography preoccupied me.  By the time I reached sixteen years, I knew I wanted to be a historian.  I majored in history at college, but the environment that I studied in turned me into a philosopher.  Why am I as I am?  Why are things as they are?

In time, the possibilities of employment forced on me a practicality.  History jobs were few.  I had taken a library education minor as work insurance, and that choice began my career in the information field for most of the next forty years.  By the time I became a university librarian and library educator in my twenties, I saw that my real work was in adult learning.  I identified myself as a lifetime learner; my first responsibilities provided for and fostered other people’s continuous learning.

My life as a reader provoked another thread, attention to writing.  The Kudor Preference Test (9th grade?) showed that the interests I favored aligned most closely with authors or real estate agents.  Another person in the class had the same results. Go figure!  Sure enough, I have been scribbling bits and pieces for years, trying novels, poetry and essays.  During the years I was a state-level library consultant, I wrote several extensive reports, planning documents, curriculums and policy pieces.  I am quick to respond to issues with letters to the newspaper and more extensive commentaries.

For several years, efforts to narrow my attention have focused on the following major interests:

  •       concept-formation
  •       informed conversation for community building and public participation
  •       information-seeking behavior
  •       information policy
  •       philosophy of adult learning
  •       self-directed learning
  •       role of books, reading, libraries in learning

In short, how do ideas originate, become adopted, evolve, and spread?

Thus concepts, their formation and examination are the subject of this blog.

Copyright © 2009 by Roger Sween.

I welcome comments; for personal comments directly to me send to

Backgound first appeared in CeptsForm on Blogspot, 18 Jan. 2009, and moved to WordPress, 14 Nov. 2010.